The role of the African union in promoting peace, security and human rights. case study: South Sudan

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Kampala International University,School of Law
The research will trace the evolution of the African Union as a successor to the Organization of African Unity in terms of its mandate for conflict prevention, peacekeeping, peacemaking and peace building. I will briefly touch upon the origin of the organization, its role and mandate on the African continent in e nursing peace, security and human rights through IS organ the Peace and Security Council and particularly its effo11s in South Sudan. The state of South Sudan is less than seven years old, but the world's newest nation now tops the ranks of failed states worldwide. After decades of civil war between south, north Sudan and now within independent South Sudan, wherein a conflict erupted in mid-December 20 13. and quickly transformed into a national, political and ethnic crisis. T his was followed by yet another outbreak of crisis in July 20 16 forcing people to take refuge in United at ions Protection of Civilian (PoCs) sites within South Sudan as IDPs o r refugees in neighboring countries. A case study of South Sudan was taken because of the precarious situation in the world's youngest nation and also the numerous efforts by the AU and some regional arrangements. The situation that South Sudan presents provides a fertile ground for assessing the role of the African Union through the Peace and Security Council of the AU in the realm of promoting peace, security and human rights. Within this study, African Union impediments to peace, security and human rights promotion on financial, political, and soc io-cultural fronts will be analyzed. A number o f secondary methods will be employed to ensure that relevant information regarding the Ro le of the African Union is ascertained. These include. Reports or the Organs of the AU, desktop research, and library based information. Furthermore, the research will seek to explore and examine whether the initiatives and approaches by the AU to the situation in South Sudan have been appropriately examined so as to end the conflicts and explain whether conflict founded upon socio-cultural, political diversity undermines the very foundation of regional solidarity and therefore compromises or makes it hard for the African Union to do its work as a regional l organ in promoting peace, security and human rights or hinders its fulfillment of its mandate as the Constitutive Act. The research will end with a number of recommendations to the AU and South Sudan on what steps need to be taken to put a n end to the current deadlock in efforts to resolve the conflict that South Sudan presents in the Continent.
A research report submitted to the School of Law in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Bachelors' Degree in Laws Kampala International University
African union, promoting peace, human rights, South Sudan