Transformation Leadership and Organizational Commitment of Two Selected Private Universities in Mogadishu, Somalia.

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Kampala International University, College of Humanities and social sciences.
The study was carried out to investigate the relationship between transformational leadership and organizational commitment of two selected universities in Mogadishu, Somalia. This study was guided by four objectives which consist of these (1) To determine the demographic characteristics of the population in terms of: age, gender, level of education, and experience of respondents working in the selected universities (2) To determine the level of transformational leadership of the selected universities (3) To determine the level of organizational comm1tment of the selected universities(4) To establish if there is a significant relationship between the levels of transformational leadership and organizational commitment of two selected universities in the study. The study also was conducted through descriptive survey and correlation research design, quantitative approach with a questionnaire and includes 100 respondents derived from a target population of 134 from the selected private universities in Mogadishu, Somalia. Data which was obtained using the research instruments was then statistically analyzed. Two-tailed correlation analysis showed that there is a strong positive relationship between the transformational leadership and organizational commitment. Overall findings from this study suggest that transformational leadership does play important roles in determining levels of organizational commitment. The researcher suggested and generated the following conclusions; the more leaders of the universities display and practice these behaviors such as; leading by doing, developing employee attitudes, inspiring a shared vision, generating enthusiasm, encouraging creativity, providing coaching and recognizing accomplishments, the more employees may want to, need to, stay at the university. University leaders should demonstrate their commitment to the employees by sharing information, provide for the development and growth of employees within the organization and offer more than market related incentives. Universities should provide comprehensive training that will encourage leadership to exhibit leadership behaviors such as building trust, inspiring a shared vision, encouraging creativity, emphasizing development, and recognizing accomplishments.
A Thesis Presented to The College of Higher Degree and Research Kampala International University Kampala, Uganda In Partial Fulfillment of The Requirements for The Master Degree of Public Administration and Management.
Transformational Leadership, Mogadishu, Somalia., Organizational Commitment of Private Universities