Organisational factors as correlates of academic staff performance in polytechnics in North West Geo-Political Zone of Nigeria

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Kampala International University; Doctor of Philosophy in Educational planning and management
This study investigated whether organizational factors were correlates of academic staff performance in North West geo-political zones of Nigeria. The study was based on four specific objectives namely: to determine whether leadership practices were correlates of academic staff performance in polytechnics; to establish whether employee identification was a correlate of academic staff performance in polytechnics; to determine whether organizational structures were correlates of performance academic of staff in Polytechnics; and to establish whether flextime was a correlate academic of staff performance in polytechnics. The study tested the following hypotheses: leadership practices were not correlates of academic staff performance in polytechnics; employee identifications were not a correlates of academic staff performance in polytechnics; organisational structures were not correlates of academic staff performance in polytechnics; and flexitime was not a correlates of academic staff performance in Polytechnics. Using objective ontology, epistemology, rhetoric and methodology as the dominant ones, the researcher adopted both the positivist and interpretive paradigms with the positivist paradigm as the dominant one. Using descriptive and correlational research designs, data were collected from a sample of 285 academic staffs of polytechnics in North West geo-political zone of Nigeria. Quantitative data were analysed at univariate, bivariate and multivariate levels. Univariate analyses involved percentages and the mean while bivariate analysis involved correlation analysis and multivariate analysis used multiple regression. Qualitative data were analysed using discursive and thematic methods. The following were the main findings of the study: with respect to leadership practices, transformational leadership practice component (P = 0.148, p =0.016 < 0.05) positively and significantly predicted academic staff performance while transactional leadership practice (P-0.008, p= 0.906 > 0.05) did not. Regarding employee identification, while both aspects of organisational and group identification were positive correlates of academic staff performance, only group identification was a significant correlate (P= 0.157, p = 0.045) that predicted academic staff performance and organisational identification (P = 0.147, p = 0.060) was not. Concerning organisational structure, formalisation (P = 0.145, p = 0.001) and complexity (P = 0.072, p = 0.580) were positive correlates but centralisation (P = - 0.011, p = 0.932) was a negative correlate. However, formalisation predicted Academic Staff Performance was more than complexity. Flexitime (P = 0.166, p = 0.009) was a positive and significant correlate of academic staff performance. Therefore, it was concluded that transformational leadership was the most important leadership practice for enhancing academic performance; group identification was a significant prerequisite for academic staff performance while formalisation and flexitime were probable requisites for academic staff performance. 1t was thus recommended that managers in polytechnics should emphasize the transformational leadership practice, promote group identification and formalisation in the organisational structures and implement flexitime in the structuring of work activities for academic staff.
A dissertation submitted to the Department of Educational Foundation, College of Education Open and Distance Learning for the Award of Doctor of Philosophy in Education management of Kampala International University
Correlates of academic staff performance, Polytechnics in North West Geo-Political Zone, Nigeria