Prevalence of side effects of typical antipsychotic medications among patients admitted to the psychiatry unit of Kampala International University Teaching Hospital, Uganda

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Kampala International University, School of Health Sciences
Antipsychotic medications are used to treat certain mental disorders according to the indications of a given antipsychotic. These medications are associated with several side effects. The use of antipsychotic medications therefore, entails a difficult trade-off between the benefit of alleviating psychotic symptoms and the risk of troubling, sometimes life-shortening adverse effects. A cross sectional study was conducted at the psychiatric department to determine the prevalence of the antipsychotic drugs side effects among the psychiatric patient at KIUTH. A random sample design was used to produce data representative of all patients admitted to KIUTH between January 2013 and December 2013. At the first stage, all the patients admitted were recorded from number one to number 198 using excel, and, at the second stage, a sample of 45 patients was drawn randomly using excel 2010 program. The eligible patients were followed in the register according to their number. This found out that that the most affected patients by their socio-demographic characteristics were the age groups of 18-35, 11(68.7%), Females 14 (58.3%), and those who has stopped at primary levels of education 11 (68.7%), and that the prevalence of antipsychotic drug side effects was 53.5%, most of the side effects experienced by the patients were sedations 12(48%) and the most common comorbidity associated with developing side effects was HIV. The study concluded that there was a very high prevalence of the side effects of antipsychotic medication at KIUTH psychiatric department and that the most common socio demographic characteristics associated with that were being a female of low social demographic status. Finally, the study has recommended that: the hospital should evaluate all psychiatric patients for possible use of traditional medications alongside the conventional treatments to reduce the burden of side effects and that the hospital should emphasize proper counseling, education and early diagnosis and treatment of the side effects and directly observed treatment should be adapt to maximize the benefit of antipsychotics medications and home visiting by a psychiatric nurse should be encouraged to follow up patients progress and adherence to antipsychotic drugs
A research report submitted to the Faculty of Clinical Medicine and Dentistry of in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a degree of Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery of Kampala International University
Antipsychotic medications, Psychiatry, Kampala International University Teaching Hospital