Civil strife in south Sudan and experiences of refugees in Kiryandongo Refugee Settlement, Kiryandongo District, Uganda

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Kampala International University.College of Humanities and social science
This study investigated the civil strife in South Sudan from accounts of South Sudanese refugees in Kiryandongo Refugee Settlement and Provision of Social Services to South Sudanese refugees in Kiryandongo Refugee Settlement, Kiryandongo District, Uganda. The study was guided by four research objectives which included: to explore refugee life experience before the war; to evaluate refugees' perception of the causes of the civil war; to find out nature and quality of social services provided to refugees in Kiryandongo; and determine impact of refugees' influx on the provision social services in Kiryandongo. The study was a qualitative research that employed a cross-sectional research design and in addition to that utilized the case study design too. Kiryandongo refugee settlement was chosen as the case study. The research methods involved using three tools of qualitative analysis that is observations, interviews with refugee respondents and key-informants, and focus group discussions to gather data. This was supplemented with literature review of documents akin to UNHCR reports relevant to the research topic. The respondents within the sample were chosen by means of non-probability methods like purposive sampling so that only refugees in the settlement who were affected by the civil war were picked. The study findings showed that in fact the conflict in South Sudan from 15 December 2013 was due to political dynamics and ethnicity was a consequence rather than a cause of the conflict. The provision of social services declined and some sectors improved thereafter such as WASH where available water levels declined and improved between December 2013 to April 2014; in education primary school classrooms were overcrowded with teacher to pupil ratio being 1 :88 and never improved; health sector was challenged with medicine supply being insufficient also medical personnel being under staffed: land provided for residential and agricultural purpose was not impacted negatively by surge in influx. Overall the study discerned that the influx of new arrivals didn't hinder operations of providing social services even in the event that more arrivals would come. On the other hand, the study found out that there is a need to step-up the efforts of providing social services so that all sectors, from ailing ones like education and health to stabilized ones like WASH, can be upto perfect standards. Generally, the study can state that the provision of social services to refugee in the settlement was impacted negatively by the civil war in South Sudan but the services provided enabled the refugees to live a life without abuse of their human rights regardless of the hardship experienced. The study recommends that civil strife be mediated to a halt to alleviate the strain in social services provision being endured by humanitarian organizations in Kiryandongo settlement.
Thesis submitted to the College of Higher Degree and Research in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the a ward of master degree In International Relations and Diplomatic Studies of Kampala International University
Civil strife i, Sudan, Experiences, Refugees, Uganda