Youth Unemployment and Crimes in Ilala Municipality in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania

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Kampala International University
The main objective of the study was to examine the impact of youth unemployment and crimes in Ilala Municipality, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Specifically, the study objectives were to (i) assess the criminal acts committed by unemployed youth in Ilala Municipality (ii) determine the rate of unemployed youth over the last three years in Ilala Municipality (iii) assess the impact of entrepreneurship skills on youth unemployment in Ilala Municipality, and (iv) establish the relationship between crime rates and youth unemployment in Ilala Municipality. This study employed a descriptive research design. It used a questionnaire and interview as data collection methods whereby out of 384 distributed questionnaires, 277 questionnaires were considered for data analysis. Findings revealed that the acts committed by unemployed youth in Ilala Municipality involved violence, burglary, drug abuse, robbery and cybercrime, prostitution, rape, theft and killing. The findings further found low rate of employment among secondary school leavers, bachelor degree, master degree and PhD graduates in public and private sector. However, self-employment was found to be high in Ilala Municipality. Additionally, findings found that entrepreneurship skills tended to promote self-awareness among youth people, entrepreneurship and help to introduce innovations and induce economic growth and entrepreneurship skills promote self-employment. On the other hand, findings revealed a relationship between crime rates and youth unemployment. The study concludes that there were criminal acts committed by unemployed youth in Ilala Municipality due to the high rate of youth unemployment. The study further concluded that entrepreneurship skills are beneficial to the youth in Ilala Municipality. The study recommends that the management of Ilala Municipality should encourage entrepreneurship training so as to open business ventures for the majority of the youth who are unemployed.
A Dissertation Submitted to the Directorate of Postgraduate Studies and Research Kampala International University in Partial Fulfillment for the Requirements for the Award Of Master Degree in Conflict Resolution and Peace Building
Youth Unemployment, Crimes, Ilala Municipality, Dar es Salaam