Oil and coastal water pollution: a case study of Changamwe Division Mombasa County coastal Province-Kenya

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Kampala International University, School of Engineering and Applied Science
Oil wastes that enter the ocean come from many sources, some being accidental spills or leaks, and some being the results of chronic and careless habits in the use of oil and oil products. Most waste oil in the ocean consists of oily storm water drainage from cities and farms, untreated waste disposal from factories and industrial facilities, and unregulated recreational boating. It is estimated that approximately 706 million gallons of waste oil enter the ocean every year, with over half coming from land drainage and waste disposal; for example, from the improper disposal of used motor oil. Offshore drilling and production operations and spills or leaks from ships or tankers typically contribute less than 8 percent of the total. The remainder comes from routine maintenance of ships (nearly 20 percent), hydrocarbon particles from onshore air pollution (about 13 percent), and natural seepage from the seafloor (over 8 percent). The methods used for data collection were questionnaires and interviews to the community members. The study revealed that most of the local residents of Changamwe engage in fish harvesting, consumption and distribution. The results there are getting from the practice is encouraging, there is an increase in job creation amongst the community members who have decided to in cooperate wood fuel harvesting as part of their lives. The study also revealed that the oil spillage affects greatly the lives of the local community as well, hence making the practice an income degenerating activity within the community. The researcher recommended that policy makers’ provision for improving and maintaining the water cleanliness level. This will be helping fish production hence food and job creation
A research dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Award of a Degree in Bachelor of Science in Environmental Management of Kampala International University
Oil, Coastal Water Pollution: