Assessment of knowledge on risk factors and prevention of diabetes mellitus type 2 among the hypertensive patients attending Kampala International University Teaching Hospital

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Kampala International University, School of Health Sciences
The current estimates project the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) word-wide to double from 175 million in 2000 to 353 million in 2030 (Yach, 2006) Ten years ago it was estimated that diabetes already accounted for 5.2% of the deaths word-wide (Roglic, 2005). For this reason the study was done to find out the gaps on knowledge about diabetes, its risk factors and prevention. It was a cross-sectional study that enrolled 50 participants who had come to attend services at Kampala International University-Teaching Hospital. Data was collected using questionnaires. Despite the fact that patients had some idea on prevention, management and risk factors of chronic illnesses still the disease is becoming a public health problem. Majority of the patients reported having not had health talk. Some patients reported knowing how to manage themselves with insulin. Patients reported that they seek medical advice whenever they get side effects. Since chronic disease are on the rise, there’s need for multi-sectoral collaboration between politicians, and other civil society organizations to improve the social economic status and health diet, good hygiene so as to improve and prolong the lives of the already affected and prevent others from being affected.
A research report submitted to the Faculty of Clinical Medicine and Dentistry in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a degree of Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery of Kampala International University
Diabetes mellitus type 2, Hypertensive patients, Kampala International University Teaching Hospital