Ethical integrity and decision-making styles of academic middle level managers in selected private higher learning institutions in Rwanda

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Kampala International University, School of Education, Open and Distance and E-learning
This study entitled Ethical Integrity and Decision-Making Styles of Middle Level managers in Private Higher Learning Institutions (HLI5) in Rwanda was motivated by the problem of unethical behavior prevailing in Private Higher Learning Institutions (HLI5) in Rwanda. The purpose of the study was to test the null hypothesis of no significant relationship between the independent and dependent variables! to bridge the gap identified in the previous related literature and studies and to validate the theories of deontology or the ethics of duty by Immanuel Kant and the Vroom and Yetton’s normative decision model. The general objective of this study was to identify the state of ethical integrity and the decision-making styles of the middle level managers in selected private HLIs in Rwanda and to determine the correlation between the ethical integrity and decision-making styles of those managers. To conduct the study the researcher used descriptive correlational design and analyzed the data using frequency and percentage distribution, the mean and Pearson correlation. This study found out that the majority of middle level managers investigated had a low level of ethical integrity. Concerning the decision-making styles, all the four styles: autocratic style, consensus style, democratic style and participative style were represented in significant proportions with means varying between 2.24 and 2.72. The correlation between the level of ethical integrity and decision-making style indicated that there was no significant relationship between the two variables (R-valuet= 0.107, sig.=0.219). This study validated the claim that ethical integrity was problematic in private HLIs in Rwanda. To solve the problem, the top management of HLIs should make sure that there are clear codes of conducts in their institutions and that they are well observed. In addition to that more emphasis should be put on ethical education at all levels of education in Rwanda.
A thesis presented to the college of higher degrees and research Kampala international university Kampala, Uganda in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree master of educational management and administration
Ethical integrity, Decision-making styles, Academic middle level, Managers, private higher learning institutions, Rwanda