Knowledge, attitude and practice on nosocomial infections among medical students at Kampala International University Teaching Hospital Western Campus in June 2018

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Kampala International University, School of Health Sciences
Introduction: Nosocomial or those infections acquired in a hospital setting are a great cause of morbidity in our patients due to their easy transmissibility from a patient to another at times through the health care provider who does not practice appropriate infection control. Of more importance is the fact that, other than their prevalence going up, resistance to antibiotics has developed within the causative agents of these infections. Medical students, like other health staff, are in constant encounter with patients in the wards and thus may be at risk of getting infected themselves, or acting as a vehicle of spread of these infections throughout the ward. For this reason, this study is about the Knowledge Attitudes and Practice among medical students at KIU on nosocomial infections. Objective: To assess knowledge Attitude and practice of medical students of KIUTH towards nosocomial infections. Method: A questionnaire based cross sectional study design with a quantitative component was and that involved 292 medical students in their 3rd, 4th, and 5th years was utilized. A convenient random sampling technique was employed in recruiting the respondents. Results: A total of 292 medical students took part in the study. The knowledge and attitudes of the respondents were found to be satisfactory but practice was not. HBV vaccination uptake the students was also very low. Conclusion: Medical students of KIU, despite having excellent knowledge and good attitude towards nosocomial infections, the translation of this knowledge into practice leaves quite a lot to be desired. Their uptake of the HBV vaccine is very low the key factor being cost implications. More needs to be done in terms of educating the incoming and continuing clinical students on proper protocols pertaining prevention of nosocomial, and infections at large.
A research report submitted to the Faculty of Clinical Medicine and Dentistry in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a degree of Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery of Kampala International University
Nosocomial infections, Medical students, Kampala International University Teaching Hospital Western Campus