Factors Associated with Prevalence of Home Accidents in Children Under 5 Years Attending Kampala International University Teaching Hospital.

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Kampala International University, School of Health Sciences
Under-five children are at high risk for many accidents such as burn, fall, accidental poisoning and drowning, 65% injuries occur around home. Unfortunately, low- and middle- income countries in sub-Saharan Africa where Uganda is inclusive bear the biggest burden of child accidents and injuries To assess factors associated with home accidents among under five years children attending Kampala international teaching hospital, a cross-sectional descriptive study was done to assess prevalence, parenting and environment factors contributing to these accidents. 81% of under five children had ever got an accident, 55.2% of accident having occurred at homes, mostly; these were falls, cuts and pierces, and mechanical hits at 37.9%, 25.8%, and 24.1% respectively. Most home Injuries (70.6%) occurred in presence of parents, while the responsibility of ensuring safety solely lied on children’s parent. Prevalence of home accidents was high, mostly reported being falls, mechanical hits, cuts and burns, knowledge on child friendly environment was very low, though parent practiced child protection out of insight rather than by knowledge of why and how. To reduce home accidents in under-fives, health education of community about child friendly environment, emphasis being put on ergonomy of play and leisure areas of children, as emphasizing on every stake holders’ responsibility in ensuring child friendly environment children safety.
A Research Report Submitted To Uganda Nurses And Midwives Examinations Board In Partial Fulfillment Of The Requirements For The Award Of The Diploma In Nursing Sciences.
Home Accidents, Children Under 5 Years