An Examination of the Concept of Criminal Diplomatic Immunity under International Law

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Kampala International University, bachelors degree of laws
Diplomacy is an ancient concept known to man as far back as the ancient Greeks and Romans. Through the passing of time the concept of diplomacy has continuously been developed. The evolution of this concept has followed with the great civilizations of this world. Most notable are the advancements in Europe from. the medieval era to the industrial revolution. Diplomacy was first codified in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna. The 1961 Vienna Convention currently regulates the immunities and privileges of the modem diplomat. The immunities range from official acts to the conducting of personal affairs. These immunities protect the diplomat from the foreign state. The extent of these immunities has led to a range of abusive behavior resulting in controversy. This research sets out a brief historic overview of diplomacy and theories dealing with the discourse of immunities in light of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 1961. A closer look is taken on the privileges and immunities a diplomat enjoys in his personal capacity. Furthermore the abuse of the privileges are discussed. Lastly the Vienna Convention sets out a number of remedies that are able to deter diplomatic agents from abusing their station. However, such remedies alone have proved to be inefficient without the immunities being limited in order to make diplomats accountable for their misconduct. In light of the severity of misconduct by diplomats, a suggestion has been offered for such privileges to be curtailed in order for diplomats to be held accountable for severe crimes cotmnitted. As it stands now, diplomats escape liability for heinous crimes such as rape, murder and human trafficking. It is submitted that an amendment of the principles is required.
A Research Report Submitted To School Of Law in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of the Bachelor Degree of Laws at Kampala International University
Criminal Diplomatic Immunity, International Law