Socio Economic Status of Parents and Truancy among Students in Seco Dary Schools in Mpwapwa District, Tanzania

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Kampala International University, College of Education, Open and Distance Learning
The study was carried out to investigate socio-economic status of parents and truancy among students in Mpwapwa district, Tanzania with the following objectives: To determine the profile of respondents; to determine the level of; Parents’ SES; students’ truancy in secondary schools; and examine relationships between the two variables. The study utilized descriptive survey research design, in particular descriptive correlation. Random sampling was used to select a sample size of 275 respondents. Data was collected through questionnaire and analyzed by using Pearson’s correlation coefficient, descriptive statistics; mean, percentage, and frequency presented in tables. The findings of the study revealed that most of the respondents were in adolescent stage (13-20 years). Concerning parents’ educational qualification, majority of parents possessed primary levei certificate with mean of 3.86, interpreted as very high. Also, majority of parents’ SES were low. The researcher concluded that the null hypothesis which was stating the no significant relationship between parents’ SES and students’ Truancy in Secondary Schools in Mpwapwa District has been rejected. Operant Conditioning by B F Skinner has been upheld due to the findings ‘round out that children born in low SES families found them self operating in less motivated families to education hence their behavior of loving schooling become weakened. The recommendations that arose as ~ result of the study: Government should sensitize parents on the other alternatives to economic activities rather than agriculture which are threat to semi desert areas like Mpwapwa. Class teachers need to be trained in identifying causes of truancy at school level. Lunch meals should be provided to students in secondary schools as was done when they were in primary schools.
A Thesis Presented to the college of Higher Degrees and Research Kampala International University Kampala, Uganda in Partial Fulfillment of the award of Master’s Degree in Educational Management and Administration.
Socio Economic, Parents, Students, Mpwapwa District, Tanzania