The Effects of Monoculture on the Environment in Uganda: A Case Study of Igara Tea Factory, Bushenyi District.

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Kampala International University, School of science in environmental management
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of monocuiture on the environment. The study identified out Igara tea factory as the case study for this research.. Specific objectives of the study were to: investigate the importance of agricultural sustainability on the environment; investigate the consequences of agricultural monoculture specialization on the environment and to suggest alternatives to agricultural monocuiture aimed at conserving the environment. The methods used for data collection were questionnaires to the employees of Igara tea factory. The findings revealed by 62.5% of respondents agreed that Agricultural sustainabllity helps with selection of species and varieties that are well suited to the site and to conditions on the farm, another 87.5% of respondents agreed that Agricultural sustainability helps with the diversification of crops and cultural practices to enhance the biological and economic stability of the farm and 50% of respondents agreed that Agricultural sustainability helps with the Management of the soil to enhance and protect soil quality. The study recommended a Food and agricultural policy where existing state and local government policies often impede the goals of sustainable agriculture. New policies are needed to simultaneously promote environmental health, economic profitability, and social and economic equlty. For example, commodity and price support programs could be restructured to allow farmers to realize the full benefits of the productMty gains made possible through alternative practices. Tax and credit policies could be modified to encourage a diverse and decentralized system of family farms rather than corporate concentration and absentee ownership. Government and land grant university research policies could be modified to emphasize the development of sustainable alternatives. Marketing orders and cosmetic standards could be amended to encourage reduced pesticide use. Coalitions must be created to address these policy concerns at the local, regional, and national level
A Research Report Submitted to the Faculty of Engineering and applied Sciences in Partial Fulfillment for the award of the Degree of Bachelor of Environmental Management of Kampala International University
Effects of Monoculture on the Environment, Igara Tea Factory