The impact of universal primary education on the performance of pupils in selected primary schools in Arua District

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Kampala International University.College of Humanities and social science
Since the introduction ofUPE in 1997, it has been faced with a number of problems that impact negatively on the performance of pupils. This has been particularly so due to large emolments, inadequate infrastructure and funding problems and limited benefits enjoyed by the girl child. It was therefore the purpose of this research to find out the impact ofUPE on the performance of pupils in Arua district, Ayivu County in particular. The underlying objectives were to find out the impact of increased emolment, infrastructural development, funding and presence of UPE on the performance of pupils and the girl child. The research was carried out in Arua district targeting pupils, teachers, and adminish·ators in UPE schools of Ayivu County. The study was based on both quantitative and qualitative research methods. This involved the collection of primary data using a well designed self administered questionnaire addressed to pupils, teachers, and administrators. The researcher also used an interview schedule to obtain data from few selected respondents. The researcher used a sample instead of a census since it is a more feasible and convenient procedure both in terms of financing and timing. The results of the analysis indicated a significant relationship between increased emolment, limited infrastructural development, inadequate funding, and poor perfonnance of the girl child in paiticular despite the presence of free primary education. It was indicative that increased enrolment upsets the pupil teacher ratio, causes over crowdedness, shortage of classrooms and difficulties in evaluation. That infrastructure in UPE schools has failed to match with the increased demand from both teachers and pupils. Funding for UPE schools has reduced and delays at a time when parents have with drawn support to their children. The girl child has not taken advantage of the free education as the dropout rate is high and many are involved in early marriages.
Research report submitted to the Institute of Open Distance Learning in partial fulfillment ofthe requirements for the award of Diploma in Public Administration of Kampala International University
Universal primary education, Performance, Pupils, Primary schools