Political instability and access to primary education in Hodan District, Mogadishu, Somalia

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Kampala International University
The study sought to examine political instability and access to primary education in Hodan District, Mogadishu, Somalia. The study objectives were; to establish the forms of political instability in Hodan District, Mogadishu, to establish causes of political instability in Hodan District, Mogadishu and to identify how political instability affects access to primary education in Hodan District, Mogadishu. The study was based on political decay theory which was developed by Samuel Huntington (1965). The theory describes how chaos and disorder can arise from social modernization increasing more rapidly than political and institutional modernization (Samatar, 2011). Empirical literature on education in Africa is abundant. The study employed descriptive correlational research design on the respondents in Hodan District, Mogadishu- Somalia. Correlational design measured the correlation between the two variables. This is because correlational research design allows researchers to collect much more data than experiments. The target population for this study comprised of 260 respondents and these were 25 selected Politicians, 115 Officials from Ministry of Education, 20 Top administrators of Hodan District and 100 other local community members who were randomly selected in Hodan District, Mogadishu. The researcher used a sample of 158 respondents using different sampling techniques and these included; purposive and random sampling methods. Simple random approach was used during the study. Purposive sampling was also used to select only respondents for the researcher to attain the purpose of the study. Data was collected from primary and secondary sources using questionnaires and interviews. After collecting data, the researcher organized well-answered questionnaire, data was edited and sorted for the next stage. The data was presented in tabular form with frequencies and percentages. The study findings revealed that the average mean was 2.78 equivalent to high on the Likert Scale which implies that a lot had been done in ensuring proper access to primary education in Hodan District despite the prevailing political instabilities in the district. Furthermore, one of the politicians interviewed suggested that with the ever-deteriorating security in Somalia, accessing education has been relatively difficult for instance most of the school going children fear being abducted on their way to school. The study findings revealed that the forms of political instability in Hodan District, Mogadishu had an average mean of 3.82 which was equivalent to very high. The study concludes that at the political level, the present Somali government emerges to have a working cabinet. In reality, though, the cabinet has no actual departmental support and no civil servants serving in staff positions. Most significantly, the cabinet lacks almost any funds. Also deficient are some of the services that working governmental departments typically offer. The study recommends that there is need to implement strict legal framework to curb corruption and mismanagement of the wealth in Somalia since this tends to fuel political instabilities in the communities hence affecting access to primary education. The study recommends that there is need for proper democracy through free and fair elections in Somalia. This can help to strengthen the government agencies hence eliminate political instability in the country thus help to improve on access to primary education
A thesis dissertation submitted to the College of Humanities and Social Sciences in partial fulfillment for the award of a masters’ degree in Public Administration of Kampala International University. Is available full text.
Hodan District, Mogadishu, Somalia, Political Instability, Political, Education, Primary School