The prevalence and associated factors of surgical site infections among patients in surgical ward of Jinja Regional Referral Hospital

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Kampala International University, School of Health Sciences
Background: World over, surgical site infections (SSIs) are one of the most commonly encountered complications after surgery. No study had been done in Jinja Regional Referral Hospital (JRRH) regarding SSIs. Therefore, this study was intended to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with surgical site infections among patients in surgical ward at JRRH. Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional was done. A pretested checklist was used to collect data from 120 files of patients who had been admitted and operated on surgical ward 6 months preceding the study. Collected data was entered and analyzed using IBM SPSS version 25. Chi square test was done to determine the relationship of SSIs and risk factors. Results were presented in tables and charts. Results: The mean age was 34.6±9.9 (standard deviation) years with majority (70%) being males (N=120). The overall prevalence of SSI was 40%. Age of the patient (X2=13.32; P=0.010), wound class (X2=15.98; P=0.001), and type of surgery (X2=15.43; P=0.009) were found statistically significant. Conclusion and recommendation: The overall prevalence of SSI was 40%. The risk factors associated with SSI were: older age of the patient above 51 years, dirty wound class, and small bowel surgery. It is important to early recognize the risk of developing SSI in patients undergoing surgery, so that preventive measures can be adopted with the aim of reducing infection rates
A research report submitted to the Faculty of Clinical Medicine and Dentistry in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a degree of Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery of Kampala International University
Surgical site infections, Patients, Jinja Regional Referral Hospital