A critical analysis of Public Interest Litigation as a means of Achieving Human Rights and Justice in Uganda.

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Kampala International University, School of law.
The study critical(v analyzed public interest litigation as a means o achieving human rights and iustice in Uganda, it was guided by the following objectives; To examine the scope of Public interest litigation in Uganda, to determine how public Interest Litigation can be applied to advocate for human rights in Uganda, to examine the prospects of public interest litigation in Uganda and to identifj1 the challenges faced in the implementation ofpublic interest litigation in Uganda, the study used doctrinal research design where both primmy and secondary data was used the study concludes thar The quality of the litigation voice is very important and competent public interesrlitigarors are cruciallo ll'in social rights cases, Growth ofinlernationalnelll'orks of legal services organisations and intemational 'backstop organisations are central to develop social rights jurisprudence, providing local partners with knowledge on international norms, precedent in other jurisdictions, and sound legal arguments, In as much as there is a beneficial relationship between marginalised groups and professional public interest litigators taking up their cases, the study concludes that competent public interest litigators (supported by international expertise}, is a key to winning cases in court, but that real policy impact is rare without organisations and social movements that can utilize the litigation process as part of a broader strategy ol social and political mobilization. The stut(v reveals that Public interest litigation has an important role to play in the civil justice s:vstem in that if atfin·ds a ladder to justice to disadvantaged sections ()l society, some of which might not even be well-informed about their rights. Furthermore, it provides an avenue to enforce d!fji1sed rights for which either it is ditficult to identify an aggrieved person or where aggrieved persons have no incentives to knock a/ the doors ol the courts. The study recommends that One wuy to achieve this objective could be to co'?fine PIL primarily Ia those cases where access to justice is undermined by some kind of disability.
A research proposal submitted to the Department of Public and Comparative Law, School of Law in Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of a Bachelors Degree in Laws of Kampala International University.
Human Rights, Public Interest Litigation, Critical analysis, Justice, Uganda