The effect of pastoralism on the natural resource” case study of Kolloa Division of East Pokot District in Kenya

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Kampala International University, School of Engineering and Applied Science
The part played by nomadic and pastoral communities that affect the pastoral resources in the ASAL area of Kolloa division, East Pokot district in the formally Baringo district in rift valley province in Kenya. The factors in question are like pastoral areas, some of the mitigation measures used before in the study area, and the possible recommendation to reduce the depletion of these pastoral resources in the ASAL areas. Methods used in collection of data are generally survey research design that includes questionnaires interview and photographs and direct observation and literature review. The findings came up clearly and strongly that some pastoral activities and way of life style have contributed mainly to resource depletion through watering of animals, animal treatment, pasture management, grazing of cattle, breeding and poor technology. All these were clearly seen on the water quality and quantity vegetation cover and type, palatability of the forage and pasture and also the quality and quantity of the animal products like milk, meat, and skin! hides. Erosion on the fields is clearly seen as was reported. In summary all the above issues could be there through natural processes but they have been catalyzed by the man’s intervention through applied modern technology of resource maximization and utilization to meet his/her needs! wants. Some of recommended mitigation measures are regulating, controlling the livestock marketing, numbers and movements.
A research report submitted to the Department of Environment, in partial fulfillment for requirements for the award of a Bachelors Of Science Degree in Environmental Management of Kampala International University- Uganda
Pastoralism, Natural resource, Kolloa Division, East Pokot District, Kenya