The study of Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Mothers towards Family Planning in Arua Regional Referral Hospital.

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Kampala International University, College of Education, Open and Distance Learning.
This report on the " Study of Knowledge, Practices and Attitude of Mothers" carried out in Arna Referral Hospital at the Family Planning Unit specifically to find out; mothers' knowledge, attitude, participation in regard to family planning as well as its impact on their welfare. To comprehend the problem of the study, the researcher carried out a documentary review on the literature. The study employed a descriptive exploratory design based on qualitative and quantitative approaches where the researcher obtained data on the variables by use of a questionnaire and interview guide as research instruments from a sample of 40 respondents comprising of 5 medical personnel and 35 mothers all clients at the unit. The study findings revealed that, the following on knowledge of mothers; have been sensitized on family knowledge, open to criticism by men, it fights poverty, women have little knowledge, and both prescriptive and non prescriptive methods are used. The attitude towards family planning was that; health risk of pregnancies were minor to those of contraceptives, family planning is expensive, women buy from the negative tendencies of their husbands and others view it simply as a way of spacing children. The level of participation was influenced by; abortion practices, awareness campaigns by government involvement and limited participation due to unmet family planning demand. The impact included; improvement of mothers' knowledge on child welfare, regaining of reproductive strengths, reducing maternal deaths, improving standard of living, reducing grief, and preventing spread of diseases. The study concludes that there is need for sensitization of men, to win their consent on use of family planning services because the ' mother's position can be compromised to acceptance and government needs to subsidize the services to eliminate the barrier of unmet need. The study recommended; expanded and open service delivery; restriction of the maximum number of births; setting a comprehensive, integrated approach to be based upon; dedicating more effort and resources to those that are in the most need, awareness campaigns be revised; build capacity of health unit staff in mobilization; encouraging safe motherhood; sensitizing women into the disadvantages of unspaced births; integration of family planning services into public health; drama campaigns; and devising programs for campaigns through media.
A research report submitted to the Faculty of Education in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of a Degree of Bachelor of Arts with Education of Kampala International University.
Family Planning, Knowledge, Attitude and Practices, Mothers, Arua Regional Referral Hospital.