The private sector and economic development in Beledwein district

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Kampala International University, College of Economics and Management
The research aimed at assessing the impacts of private sector on economic development of Somalia, Beledwein district, Hiran region as a case study. Both qualitative and quantitative techniques were used .The qualitative techniques was presented by use of tables and converted to percentages according to the themes, the data collection method used include questionnaires, observation and the data was descriptive in nature. The objective of the study was to examine the major effects of private sector on economic development of Somalia. It aimed at establishing the existing efforts by relevant views towards the private sector. The General population of the District was estimated l2503l the research population was 150 and the sample size was 108 respondents. However, the private sector in Somalia has shown exceptional recovery and adaptability in the relevant circumstances of statelessness. Today, the entire Somali economy, including sectors that were formerly under the state control —health care delivery, public education, veterinary service, telecommunications, electric power, and water supplies, has been Privatized Due to unfavorable conditions of statelessness, there is no any public sector working in Somalia; all these private sectors are operating at minimum capacity, the business community cannot make investment at present. One of the imminent features of Somalia’s present day economy is an outstanding of deregulated free market commerce, but under the absence of governmental regulatory body this led that many of the services to their customers substandard and hazardous to the well being and the general health of the community .Under this circumstance of statelessness and civil conflict, the local business community contrived to jump-start local economy. They opened new private enterprises and restored old ones. The finding of this study revealed that private sector has a great impact on economic development of Somalia; therefore the study agreed that private sector increases employment opportunities, business skills, infrastructural development, and poverty eradication. Meanwhile Most the study revealed that problems attributed the violent nature of the public sector today are over consumption of government funds, corruption programs, and ignorance among the society which was found to be the major cause of unemployment. Therefore the findings of this study agreed that private sectors can be considered as the only way out of the all problems faced and as a major tool in the economic development of Somalia, since the sectors are managed by private ownership and government intervention only comes in to the rescue in case of poor administration. In spite of this tangible economic progress in recent years in Somalia the challenges are hard to overcome or deal with and many to list because there is no national economic planning or supervision.
A Research Thesis Submitted to the School of Economics and Applied Statistics in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of Degree of Bachelor of Arts in Economics of Kampala International University
Private sector, Economic development, Beledwein district