Effect of financial constraints on academic performance of pupils in public primary schools. a case study in Kembu division, Birongo village of Kisii district.

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Kampala International University, College of Education Open and Distance Learning
This study was intended to determine the impact of financial constraints on the academic performance of students in Public Primary Schools within Kembu Division, Kisii District. A review of the related literature, theories, laws, and concepts of other authors' works in line with the effects of financial resource constraints on the academic performance of students in schools was made an this helped the researcher to have a clear picture of what the whole study was to entail. This study adopted a descriptive survey design together with questionnaires as the main tool for this particular study. Descriptive statistical tools were employed in the analysis of data after which tables of frequency distribution were prepared whenever necessary, as well as the percentage occurrence of each of the responses to a particular question. The findings from the field revealed that the poor academic performance of students in schools is greatly caused by such factors like: inadequate teaching and learning materials, low student-teacher ratio, and low salary rates for teachers which makes them offer poor services to learners in schools, and poor school structures which results into un conducive learning environment all of which are associated with financial resource constraints. It was recommended that an undertaking of training and recruitment of teachers in schools be affected. Further still, it was called for that government should endeavor to establish more national teachers colleges and also, improve on those that are already in place, particularly with respect to provision of adequate laboratory equipment and incentives for teachers.
A research report submitted to the Institute of Open and Distance Learning in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of the Bachelors Degree in Primary Education of Kampala International University
financial constraints, academic performance, primary schools, Kisii district