Impact Of Climate Change Variability On The Socioeconomic Livelihoods In Arapai Division,Soroti CIty, Uganda

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2023-10
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Climate change poses a significant threat to our planet, causing natural disasters and affecting the environment, agriculture, economy, and society. This study assessed the impact of climate variability on the socioeconomic livelihood of Arapai Division. Arapai Division is in Soroti City, Teso Sub-region, in Eastern Uganda. The division has a tropical wet and dry, or savanna, climate. The study engaged both qualitative and quantitative methods to collect data. This included the administration of questionnaires, face-to-face interviews, and focus group discussions. The data was collected from 396 respondents and analyzed using Chi-square, correlations, descriptive and Regression also focus group data was analyzed using content analysis. The study revealed that climate variability has a detrimental effect on livelihood, food security, health systems, and labor productivity. The study found out that the people were aware of climate variability and its major events of concern were floods and droughts, which affected crop yields, a major source of livelihood. 13% of people‘s health was impacted by climate variability, with 36.7% recognizing crop diversification as a coping strategy. Based on the findings, the study recommends strengthening of the agricultural sector, diversifying livelihood options, improving health systems, and introducing climate-resilient policies. The study advocates that future research should look into the types of livelihoods that would be most effective and sustainable for the residents of Arapai Soroti.
Climate change poses a significant threat to our planet, causing natural disasters and affecting the environment, agriculture, economy, and society. This study assessed the impact of climate variability on the socioeconomic livelihood of Arapai Division. Arapai Division is in Soroti City, Teso Sub-region, in Eastern Uganda. The division has a tropical wet and dry, or savanna, climate. The study engaged both qualitative and quantitative methods to collect data. This included the administration of questionnaires, face-to-face interviews, and focus group discussions. The data was collected from 396 respondents and analyzed using Chi-square, correlations, descriptive and Regression also focus group data was analyzed using content analysis. The study revealed that climate variability has a detrimental effect on livelihood, food security, health systems, and labor productivity. The study found out that the people were aware of climate variability and its major events of concern were floods and droughts, which affected crop yields, a major source of livelihood. 13% of people‘s health was impacted by climate variability, with 36.7% recognizing crop diversification as a coping strategy. Based on the findings, the study recommends strengthening of the agricultural sector, diversifying livelihood options, improving health systems, and introducing climate-resilient policies. The study advocates that future research should look into the types of livelihoods that would be most effective and sustainable for the residents of Arapai Soroti.
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