The role of community in conflict resolution and reconciliation: a case study of Molo District, Nakuru County

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Kampala International University, College of Humanities and Social Science
The study on conflict resolution and reconciliation in Molo District, Nakuru County was guided by main four objectives; first to identify existing gaps in conflict resolution and reconciliation, secondly, strategies communities can employ in reconciling various communities in Molo District, thirdly to establish community leaders ability to predict early warning signs of conflict and fourthly, role of community in ethnic conflict violence and reconciliation in Molo District. The researcher employed purposive sampling technique to collect data from various categories of the target population. This enabled the researcher to get respondents with the actual and quality information from target population regarding ethnic conflict in Molo district.139 respondents were reached through questionnaire. 36 people were interviewed and later engaged in focus group discussion to obtain in-depth understanding regarding the much spoken historical injustices that cause conflict every five years in the last 20 years, failure by the government to hold accountable ethnic leaders who incite their ethnic community blocks for political reasons, massive destruction of property The researcher therefore recommends that priority should be given to ending the ethnic conflict. The researcher therefore recommends that functioning local conflict resolution mechanisms should be given priority, young people facilitated for income generating activities, simple early warning signs developed and agreed by the community, effective and timely interventions, establishment of village dialogue meetings, national cohesion and integration commission intervention, national land policy to heal historical injustices, issue based politics, systematic and structured learning from the past and political goodwill to resolve historical. Further, the research recommended that the government alter its conflict resolution and peace building strategic focus from one of seeking to deal with symptoms to one of protecting life and maximizing the protection of properties. Such a change in strategy is important while acknowledging that it is a state's legal responsibility to protect communities. This shift in strategy may serve to open the political and social space needed to address negative ethnicity and historical injustices that lie at the root of the ethnic conflict in Molo District.
A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment for the requirements for the A Ward of Bachelor’s Degree Arts in Conflict Resolution and Peace Building of Kampala International University
Role of community, Conflict resolution and reconciliation