Causes of under-five mortality at Kampala International University Teaching Hospital

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Kampala International University, School of Health Sciences
This study sought to establish the causes of inpatient child mortality at Kampala International University Teaching Hospital. A retrospective data search was done in patient records of pediatrics between January 1st and June 30th 2013. The data was processed and analyzed by use of Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). There were a total of 142 patients. The most commonly diagnosed disease was malaria (33.1%) followed by surgical conditions (31.7%). 29 (20.4%) patients died. The commonest cause of death was prematurity and conditions related to it (11: 38%). Malaria and other infections accounted for 17.2% each. The most deaths occurred in the neonatal period. Neonatal conditions accounted for the highest number of deaths followed by malaria. There is still more to be done to reduce under five deaths in order to reach the World Health Organization target stated in Millennium Development Goal four. The study recommended for establishment of a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and hiring adequate and well trained staff to closely monitor the patients
A research report submitted to the Faculty of Clinical Medicine and Dentistry in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a degree of Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery of Kampala International University
Causes of under-five mortality, Kampala International University Teaching Hospital