Community participation and peace building in Mogadishu Somalia

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The study aimed at establishing the effects of community participation on peace building in Mogadishu, Somalia. Peace building efforts are increasingly failing in conflict infested areas, due to non-involvement of interested and non-interested communities. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of community participation on peace building in Mogadishu, Somalia. The research was guided by three objectives that included; establishing the role of community participation in peacebuilding in Mogadishu, Somalia. To evaluate the impact of Community participation in peace building in Mogadishu, Somalia. And finally to assess the challenges to community participation in peace building in Mogadishu, Somalia. The study employed a qualitative approach. Specifically, a phenomenological research design, using qualitative methods of data collection. This study was carried out within Mogadishu, the capital city of Somalia which is situated in Banaadir Region. Specifically the study was conducted in the district of Hodan within Mogadishu. The sample included 110 participants. An interview guide and focus group discussion guides were used to identify sociodemographic characteristics and collect all data required for the study. Major findings revealed that community participation fosters peace in the sense of preventing violence and wars. The influence of NGOs; CSOs; including local women and youth groups were instrumental in promoting peace building. This study provided important insights into community participation and peace building. Community participation plays a big role in peace building, Engagement of the community is instrumental in building peace. Community members and leaders alike, will have to continue putting in place measures that will ensure their participation. Youth and women are crucial partners in peace building efforts. Undertaking a revision of existing policies to help overcome issues of violence and youth exploitation that hinder community participation, is key to effective community participation peace building.
A thesis submitted to the College of Humanities and Social Sciences of Kampala International University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Masters of Arts in Public Administration and Management
Community participation, Peace building, Mogadishu, Somalia