Untapped wealth potential in fruit wastes for Uganda community

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International Journal of Advanced Academic Research | Science, Technology & Engineering
Uganda is a country rich in abundant arable lands that enhance growth of several agricultural products. About 70% of the country’s land mass is currently being cultivated with fruits and vegetables being the most predominantly. With high level of farming in the entire country, there is undoubtedly high level of waste generation from such produce. Proper disposal of the fruit wastes has subsequently been a perennial problem in Uganda due to high costs involved in contracting the effluent collectors as well as limited availability of landfills. They are often disposed unscrupulously as they carry no useful value in the minds of average local citizen. Thus, if the situation is not properly managed, fruit wastes can produce odor, soil pollution, harborage for harmful insects as well as several environmental issues asides resulting in greenhouse gas emission during decomposition; hence, huge amount of valuable untapped commodities that can result in wealth creation will be lost and subsequently causing serious ecological damages. Hence this study investigates and reviews the major composition of some fruit wastes, specifically banana, mango and pineapple, as well as the drivable biotechnological and industrial applications that could be exploited from proper waste recovery system in Uganda.The study concluded that banana, mango and pineapple wastes contain much reusable potentials to drive the idea of new and emerging technologies, such as green technology for biogas or bioethanol production to fruition in industrial, economic, social and ecological facet by providing raw materials for manufacturing, process and pharmaceutical industries; while also promoting the adoption of efficient farming system to improve overall profitability and competiveness.
IBRAHIM OLUWOLE RAJI & PETER ONU School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Kampala International University, Kampala, Uganda [email protected]; [email protected]
Biotechnological application, Fruit wastes, Waste recovery, Green technology