Environmental impact assessment and the law in Uganda: the Experience since 1995.

Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Kampala international international: School Of Law
An Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is an instrument used to limit unexpected and negative effects of proposed developments on the environment. Much experience has been gained internationally but the lack of follow-up after the EIA is prepared as one of the major weak spots of the assessments. It is therefore very important to follow up on development projects and observe their effects on the environment after the go-ahead has been given, so that the EIA quality may be improved. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) was recognized in Uganda as a tool of environment management back in 1995 when the National Environment Statute (now Act Cap 153) was enacted. The Act called for EIA to examine all development activities likely to negatively impact on the environment before they are implemented. However, despite EIA being carried out on most development projects. it is uncommon for developers of projects to use the EIA reports as a basis for environmentally sound implementation of their projects. This study employed a doctrinal methodology of Research to find out the laws that are in place to favor Environmental Impact Assessment in the Uganda legal system. The study further discusses the application and enforcement of the principal of EIA by the mandated bodies and the challenges faced by the bodies in the application and enforcement of EIA in Uganda and finally the Researcher suggests the Recommendations to be adopted for better application and enforcement of EIA in Uganda.
A research proposal submitted to the school of law in partial fulfillment of the requirement For the award of bachelor of law of Kampala international University.
Environmental Law, Environmental impact, Uganda, 1995.