Ecotourism and Community Development in Baturiya Wetland Game Reserve Nigeria

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Date
2014-09
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Publisher
Kampala International University, College of Economics and Management Sciences .
Abstract
The study aimed at evaluating the factors that harness ecotourism and community development in the study area. The specific objectives included; To determine the socio-demographic characteristics of respondents in terms of age, gender, level of education. To establish the level of ecotourism contributions in and around Baturiya wetland game reserve: To identify the level of community development in and around Baturiya wetland game reserve: and To establ ish significant relationship between contributions of ecotourism and community development in and around Baturiya wetland game reserve. The research tools used was questionnaire and interview guide which was developed from internet, scrutinized and amended with some additional questions related to the study, Sampling procedure used was stratified simple random sampling, also collection of data from a sample of 109 and interview guides was carried out from respondents which were purposively selected from the study area, The demographic of the respondents were summarized using frequencies and percentage distributions. Data were presented in form of tables and frequencies, percentages, means, standard deviation and ranks were used. The data were also analyzed. The means and standard deviations is used to illustrate the means responses, meanwhile Ecotourism and its contributions in and Around Baturiya Wetland Game Reserve, the researcher used correlation and regression analysis for testing hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance, by which the results reveal that, there is a positive significant relationship between social contributions of ecotourism and community development (r ·= 0.719). Since (sig. = 0.000 < 0.05), the result therefore leads to rejection of the hypothesis. RegressiOn analysis on the Ecotourism and Community Development in and Around Baturiya Wetland Game Reserve was done. The results show that (F = 94.2.85, sig. = 0.000) the result leads to rejection of hypotheses. The level of ecotourism and its contributions in game reserve is high. This means that ecotourism has contributed to the livelihood of the residents in and around Baturiya wetland game reserve, in terms of social infrastructures, income generating activities among others. The results reveal that there is a positive significant relationship between contributions of ecotourism and community development in and around Baturiya wetland game reserve. Recommendation of researcher and conclusion of the findings Therefore, the government needs to strike a balance between tourism and community development, The government need to develop infrastructures such as roads and hospitals as there are signs that ecotourism has not led to development of infrastructures. The earning form of tourism needs to be reinvested in community development.
Description
A thesis submitted to the College of Higher Degree and Research in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for the Award of Master's Degree Tourism Management Kampala International University.
Keywords
Ecotourism, Community Development, Wetland, Game Reserve, Nigeria
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