Impacts of slum development on the environment

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Kampala International University, School of Engineering and Applied Science
Slum development has been a major problem in the world especially in developing countries and Africa at large. According to UN-Habitat publication sub Saharan Africa hosts the largest proportion (7 1.9%) of urban population reside in slums. this study was carried out in kibera Nairobi district. The objective of the study included identifying the causes of slum development, the implication of these slum on the environment and what measures are have been put in place to protect the environment. The research design was descriptive and used quantitative research methods of data collection observation interviews and questionnaires were administered to the total number of 50 respondents. The research finding showed that the cause of slum development were poverty, rural urban migration poor physical planning and population growth also the investigation showed the implication of slum development was poor sanitation, chocking of river, waste disposal and over utilization of water. the measures being put in place were community cleaning, improved drainages, provision of water and toilets. In conclusion the respondents indicated that, poverty was the prime problem and cause of slum development while the respondents also indicated the implication of slum to be poor sanitation. Some of the measures being put in place include community cleaning and provision of toilets. From the findings I recommended that environmental laws should be put in place and be followed, upgrading of slums and poverty alleviation programs such as giving small loans with low interest rate to start business should be implemented so that slum become safe heaven for us and for the future generation.
A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment for the award of a Degree in Bachelor of Science in Environmental Management of Kampala International University
Slum development, Environment, Kibera slum, Nairobi District