Parental socio-economic status and parenting styles in Katabi Town Council, Entebbe Municipality, Wakiso District, Uganda

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Kampala International University, College of Humanities and social sciences.
This research aimed at assessing the influence of parental socio-economic status on parenting styles in Katabi Town Council, Entebbe Municipality, Wakiso district, Uganda. The study objectives investigated the impact of parental income, educational level and occupation on parenting styles in the study area. The methodology of the study included a descriptive correlational research design based on the sampled population of parents, teachers and adolescence between the ages of 15 to 18 years. Both the quantitative and qualitative research approaches were used however the study was largely quantitative. The research tools included, questionnaire and interview guide. The data was gathered from a sample of 263 respondents comprising of 196 students, 47 parents and 20 teachers who were randomly selected from two (3) secondary schools in Katabi Town Council in Wakiso district.Qualitative data was managed through thematic techniques of attaching themes. The major findings of the study were that there was a significant relationship between parents’ level of income, level of education, occupation and parenting styles in Katabi Town Council. After the statistical analysis, it was concluded that educated parents were more authoritative while the less educated ones were more neglectful or uninvolved; this was because they had different attitudes and values. Parents with low income faced social problems as well as unstable financial and economic problems. These problems put them under a lot of pressure and stress which eventually pushed them to adopt authoritarian parenting style. Parents who had menial jobs worked longer hours and under a lot of stress and spent less time with their children, reason why they embrace more of permissive parenting styles then those with prestigious occupations. It was therefore recommended that the government of Uganda and other stake holders concerned with the wellbeing of children may initiate parenting training programs for the benefit of the children. It is also recommended that parents should be highly sensitized about the benefits of parental involvement in child disciple and care.The government should encourage people to come up with projects which can be funded through microfinance societies in order to improve their economic status while community-based organizations should be put in place as a source of income for the community members. Lastly that unemployment should be controlled by offering children of poor parents’ scholarships.
A dissertation submitted to the college of humanities and social science in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of a Master of Arts Degree in Counseling Psychology of Kampala International University
Parental, Socio-economic status, Parenting styles, Wakiso District, Uganda