Participatory democracy and conflict transformation in democratic republic of Congo:

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Kampala International University, College of Humanities and social Science
The study sought to participatory democracy and conflict transformation in Democratic Republic of Congo: A case study of Ituri Province. The study objectives were to; examine the effect of Deliberative Polling on conflict transformation in Ituri Province, DRC, determine the effect of Referendums on conflict transformation in Ituri Province, DRC and establish the effect of Participatory Budgeting on conflict transformation in Ituri Province, DRC. This study employed a correlational research design. This research design was used in the course of the study. Quantitative approaches were used in the study. Quantitative approach which was classified in two broad categories, that is; experimental and general survey design examined the effect of participatory democracy on conflict transformation as an independent variable whereas qualitative design involved the use of questions to obtain views from the respondents. The population of the study used a total population of conflict region of Ituri Province, DRC which was 1,025,756 as indicated in by National Institute of Statistics (2015). However the researcher randomly targeted a population of 187 respondents. The total sample size was 127 respondents. In this study, the target population of 187 involved; Local Authorities, Selected politicians in conflict region of Ituri Province, DRC, Community Leaders in conflict region of Ituri Province, DRC, Officials from MONUSCO and Residents in conflict region of Ituri Province, DRC. The study found out that the males were 89(57.8%) and female 65(42.2%) with regard to gender, this implies that the number of men was higher than that of women since it was believed men are more effective in dealing in participatory democracy than their female counterparts. With regard to education level, 15(9.7%) were at primary school level, 78(50.6%) were at secondary school level, 17(11%) were certificate holders, 26(16.9%) of the respondents were diploma holders, 12(7.8%) were bachelor’s degree and the remaining 6(3.9%) were master’s degree holders. This implies that most of the respondents were not relatively educated and thus were informed about the participatory democracy and conflict transformation. The study concluded that a deliberative democratic approach may also involve polling and town hall meetings, but the goal extends beyond informing the public and aggregating the views of average citizens. The study recommends that it is clear that DRC is a country deeply wounded by injustice, fear, war, prejudice, hatred, and deliberate falsification of its history by successive regimes; however in order to enhance deliberative polling.
A Case Study of Ituri Province A research dissertation submitted to the college of humanities and social sciences in partial fulfillment for the requirement of the award of masters of Arts in Conflict Resolution and Peace Building of Kampala International University
Participatory democracy, Conflict transformation, Democratic republic of Congorovince