Knowledge, attitude and practices about use of insecticide treated nets among pregnant mothers attending antenatal care at KIU-TH Bushenyi District, South Western Uganda

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Kampala International University, School of Health Sciences
Despite improved global coverage of Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs), their usage has remained low and this has rendered vulnerable groups at risk of serious complications especially pregnant mothers. In Uganda, the national target of 50% of households to be covered with ITNs by the year 2007 has not been met thus leaving many pregnant women at risk of malaria during pregnancy. To assess knowledge, attitude and practices of pregnant mothers receiving Antenatal Care Services (ANCS) at Kampala International University Teaching Hospital (KIU-TH) about the use of ITNs, a descriptive cross-sectional study design quantitative in nature was used. Simple random sampling method was used to recruit used to recruit 96 respondents for the study. 63% of the respondents had never heard about insecticide treated nets, 65% of the respondents strongly agreed that a mosquito net should not be used because malaria had multiple causes and 78% of the respondents strongly agreed that ITNs can be used for many other purposes other than protection against malaria. The researcher concluded that knowledge about the use of ITNs for prevention of malaria in pregnancy was low as only a few respondents were aware about use of ITNs with the source of information being hospital and media. About attitudes towards the use of ITNs, most of the respondents had negative attitudes towards the use of ITNs as they stated that mosquito nets generated heat, effectiveness depended on its color and that malaria had multiple causes other than mosquitoes. Concerning practices on the use of ITNs, results suggested that respondents were misusing mosquito nets as they stated that a mosquito net can serve a variety of purposes other than protection from malaria.
A research report submitted to the Uganda Nurses and Midwives Examinations Board in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a Diploma in Nursing Science
Use of insecticide treated mosquito nets, Pregnant mothers, Antenatal care, Kampala International University-Teaching Hospital (KIU-TH), South Western Uganda