Political decentralization policy and social service delivery in jinja district. a case study of Buyenge Sub-County

Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Kampala International University, College of Humanities and social sciences.
The purpose of this study was to examine whether Political Decentralization Policy has an impact on the Social Service Delivery in Buyenge Sub-County. It specifically examined the impact of Political Decentralization on Social Service Delivery, challenges caused by Political Decentralization during the delivery of Social Services and established the relationship between Political Decentralization and Social Service Delivery. The sample size was achieved through use of Krejcie, R.V. & Morgan and D.W. (1970) table which illustrated that if the target population is 100, the sample size was 80. However, selection of the subjects strictly was done randomly. Majority of the participants were aged 3 1-40 years since they scored the highest percentage of 31.25%, followed by those aged 18-30 years since they scored 27.5%, yet those aged 4 1-56 years scored 25% and 57 years and above scored 13%. This meant that majority participants were aged 18-40 years hence they were legally bound to serve in local governments. From the study results on research question two, it can be concluded that challenges to Decentralization Policy in Jinja district are limited local taxing powers, weak supervision of local governments and weak institutional capacity. Hence decentralization seems to be working alongside challenges just like any other development sector. Decision-making processes are unsystematic, mechanisms of accountability between officials and elected representatives are inadequate and there is a shortage of officials with the necessary technical, managerial and financial skills. This is often due to the lack of financial resources to attract and retain high caliber staff. Salary levels for local government staff in Africa are often a fraction of what people could earn in the private sector. Regardless of Decentralization and Social Service Delivery being two sides of the same coin, more gaps still persist hence the study recommends local participation in all government related activities to lead to development. To achieve this, countries should adopt and imp1~ement coherent ihvestment policy, which is another important argument for maintaining a certain degree of centralization of taxation in the national territory, as the resources to finance capital investments are limited and can produce maximum efficiency only under a financial control and strictly economic, which may be exercised only at the central level.
A research dissertation submitted to the college of humanities and social sciences in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a Bachelor’s Degree of Public Administration of Kampala International University
Political decentralization, Policy, Social service delivery, Buyenge Sub-County