Influencence of human activities on wetlands and the physical environment in Buyanga Sub County, Iganga District.

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Water is becoming increasingly important within Iganga district and specifically in Nawangisa sub county , which was my main area of research. This is mainly due to the increasing population caused by urban influx, industrialization, expansion and even agriculture and farming in the area. Nawangisa area is a well formed water catchment zone. The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of human activities on wetlands on the physical environment: while also looking at ways in which wetland utilization can be achieved sustainably. Environmental degradation has had devastating effects on natural resources. One major effect is wetland loss and degradation. This sorry state has to a great extent been attributed to human behaviour (Mawajj e. 2009). Such anthropogenic factors include human activities on wetlands. Nawangisa sub-county in Iganga District has experienced a fair share o C human encroachment on its wetland resources. The study employed purposive sampling technique. The target population was 5 County government official representatives, 3 Environmental Officers from NEMA and 2 physical planners from Ministry of Devolution and Planning selected through purposive sampling. The sample size was 160 based on Cochrane (2006), selected through the systematic random sampling technique whereby each member of the subset had an equal probability of being chosen. The sample to be used was therefore 28 residents from Nawangisa, 35 from Nakalama, 24 from Nabiirye, 40 from Namundudi and 33 from Nawansega constituencies. This formed the basis of this research study. The main instrument used in the study was questionnaires. whose reliability testing was done using the split-half method. The method of data collection was done throuch administerinc of ciuestionnaires to respondents, with analysis. I he data analysis technique used in this study was descriptive statistics, wnere the data was collated, coded and entered into SPSS system software. Quantitative data was then presented using percentages and frequency distribution tables, while the qualitative data was presented in verbatim statements. It was eminent from the study that human activities on wetlands influence the physical envirodment; causing detrimental effects such as soil erosion, loss of land cover, water pollution and air pollution; these activities being agricultural activities, construction of public infrastructure and construction of residential structure. Iganga district thus requires a method in which the problem of wetland
A research projects report submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement for t5iie award of a bachelor degree of’ arts in education at Kampala International University