Tariffs and government revenue productivity in southern Sudan: a case study of Nimule border

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Kampala international University, College of Economics and Management
The research examines and establishes the relationship between tariffs and government revenue productivity in Southern Sudan. In achieving this, the researcher also found out forms of tariffs collected at Nimule, contribution of tariffs for the people of Southern Sudan and challenges facing the custom officials at the border. In the literature review, theories were used to support the study and concepts linked and analyzed to bring out and understand the objectives. In the research methodology, the study employed descriptive design where both qualitative and quantitative approaches were employed and the study population consisted of staff of the branch and some of their clients and 45 respondents were sampled through random and purposive sampling techniques. Both questionnaire and interview methods were used to collect data. The findings of the study reveal that tariffs play tremendous role in the government revenue productivity constituting 26 percent of the GDP and 3 percent of GNP. It was also clear that the net revenue obtained increases over years. This means that there is growing business opportunity in the region due to improving security hence attracting many business partners. The researcher concluded that tariffs are very vital to the development process of Southern Sudan since they form greater part of government revenue in terms of GDP and GNP. The researcher therefore recommends that more efforts needs to be put in place to expand the base of tariffs such that the government revenue productivity can grow through ensuring total security in the region and encouraging local production for export.
A Research Report Submitted to the School of Economics and Applied Statistics in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for the Award of Bachelor's Degree in Economics of Kampala International University
Tariffs, Government revenue productivity, Southern Sudan, Nimule border