The challenges of solid waste management in urban environment: a case study of kansanga parish, makindye east division, Kampala city:

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Date
2011-06
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Publisher
Kampala International University, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Abstract
Solid waste (garbage) is increasingly becoming a big problem in many cities of the world and Kansanga Parish in Makindye East Division- Kampala City is no exception. This report is from a study that looks at the nature, practices, challenges, and possible solutions for garbage management systems at community level in Kansanga Parish, Makindye East division. The study places emphasis on domestic waste. This is because in Kansanga Parish this category generates substantial amounts of solid wastes with considerable indiscipline. The study has used mainly a case approach in which questionnaires and face to face interviews were adopted to collect data. The findings suggest that in Kansanga Parish, poor communities could generate income from waste disposal activities if certain measures are put in place. Furthermore, within this division, 67% of the garbage is biodegradable, composed mainly of food related wastes. Non degradable wastes constitute 33%, of which the main component was polythene bags commonly known as buveera. The findings showed that a good part of the communities is currently use illegal methods of using disposal. This includes burning of and opens space dumping. Among the challenges facing waste management is the inactivity of institutional framework to support and mobilize for effective waste disposal. As a result there is little community effort to reduce on the problem. It was also established that existing income opportunities from garbage are not fully utilized. The different waste types will need diversified approaches; institutional capacity at community level is still a maj or challenge, successful community waste management programmes will need to entail income generation and sensitization of community should be given more attention. The communities’ they suggested the following solutions: sensitization, community work, and reviving envirom~ental committees. The study recommended the following: composting, converting garbage to energy, sensitization, and building strong institutions at grassroots levels.
Description
a dissertation submitted to school of engineering and applied sciences in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of a degree of bachelor of science in environmental management of Kampala international university.
Keywords
solid waste, waste management, urban environment
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