Prevalence and treatment outcomes of preterm babies admitted in Kampala International university Teaching Hospital (KIU-TH)

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Kampala International University, School of Health Sciences
Deaths resulting from preterm births contribute to a very high percentage of perinatal mortality and morbidity. It is on this basis that there was a need to carry out a research investigating the prevalence and treatment outcomes of the premature babies admitted in Kampala international university Teaching Hospital (KIU–TH) paediatric ward. In- patient numbers of premature babies were obtained both from the paediatric ward. They were submitted to the medical records office where additional numbers were found. A check list was used to collect information from each case file. The number of files evaluated was 33. The proportion of premature babies admitted in the paediatric ward of KIU-TH was calculated as a numerator over the total number of babies admitted in KIU-TH multiplied by 100. The treatment outcomes and the clinical features that the premature babies presented with were given as a percentage. All the information that was obtained was presented in table form. The results found out that about 5% of the babies admitted in KIU–TH paediatric ward were premature babies. The major clinical features were poor suckling reflex (39%) and respiratory distress (27%). The treatment outcomes were: 52% of the premature babies improved and were discharged, 27% died at discharge, 9% escaped before discharge / condition at discharge was not indicated, 6% were discharged against medical advice and 3% were referred to another hospital. It was concluded that the deaths of premature babies result in a high prevalence of neonatal deaths and complications in those that survive. Therefore, medical institutions and various health care providers need to curb these by putting up neonatal intensive care units in hospitals and bringing awareness to the community concerning the importance of attending antenatal clinics
A research report submitted to the Faculty of Clinical Medicine and Dentistry of in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a degree of Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery of Kampala International University
Prevalence and treatment outcomes of preterm babies, Kampala International university Teaching Hospital