The role of truth, justice and reconciliation in achieving transitional justice: a case study of the Gacaca Courts in Rwanda after the 1994 Genocide

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Kampala International University; School of Law
Emerging out of the same dynamics of war and violence that led to the recognition of international human rights, post -conflict or transitional justice is one of the most important developments in the efforts to advance peace as well realize human rights and dignity in the twentieth century. As more and more countries undergo the trauma of civil war or revolutions against repressive regimes, together with the international community they must confront the problems of transforming these situations of violent conflict into healthy, functional democratic states. The guiding principle behind post-conflict or transitional justice is that complying with the demands of justice is a necessary prerequisite to peace and stability. Often, there is a question on the way forward in a community that has been a victim of an armed conflict crisis. This therefore calls for appropriate approaches to be used in bringing the situation to almost the way it was before the armed conflict arose. Of the many approaches available to a society that has been affected by an armed conflict, this research puts truth, justice and reconciliation on the spotlight and more specifically on the role it plays in ensuring achievement of transitional justice leading to normalcy in the society.
A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the Award of a Bachelor of Laws Degree (LLB) of Kampala International University
Truth, justice and reconciliation, Transitional justice