Governmental organization water projects and social development in Rulindo District, Rwanda

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Kampala International University, College of Humanities and Social Sciences
The purpose of the study was an investigation of the effect of water projects provided by Non- governmental organizations on the social development of the people of Rulindo District in Rwanda. According to the Rwanda Ministry of Health, Rulindo District was singled out as one of the districts most affected by problems related to lack of water and sanitation. The study was guided by the following objectives: i) to analyze how Water for People Projects have provided safe drinking water and improved sanitation facilities for the people of Rulindo district; ii) to assess the social development status of the people of Rulindo district as a result of water for people projects; and iii) to analyze the challenges encountered during the implementation of water for people projects in Rulindo District. This study adopted a descriptive cross-sectional survey design. The study population was 64,956 beneficiaries of the Water for People Project. The sample size was 398 respondents and 315 respondents participated in the research. Data collection was done through interviews and focus group discussion. The results indicated that through Water for People projects, the people of Rulindo are able to access safe and clean drinking water and improved sanitation facilities. Furthermore, the study found out that the social life of the people of Rulindo district are susceptible to vulnerability to the high poverty level which is attributed to low level of education and lack of formal employment. Lastly, the study found out that the challenges faced by the Water for People project was political interference, lack of adequate funding and project sustainability capacity. The study concluded that Water for People project is relevant in improving the social life of the people by providing accessible and affordable water system which will improve their wellbeing. The study made the following recommendations: the need to train more households on water storage and sanitation handling, and the use of technology to increase coverage with water and sanitation facilities.
Research report submitted to tile college of humanities and social sciences in fulfillment requirement for an award of a masters of a masters of arts degree in project planning and management of Kampala International University
Governmental organization water projects, Social development