United Nations Mission and Peace Process in Malakal, Central Upper Nile State — South Sudan

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Kampala International University, College of Humanities and Social Sciences
The purpose of the study was to examine the role of UNMISS in supporting peace processes in Malakal south Sudan. The study was guided by mainly three specific objectives which included; to examine the contribution of UNMISS towards conflict resolution, to assess the effectiveness of UNMISS in ensuring peace and stability and to investigate the challenges faced by UNMISS in resolving conflicts in South Sudan. The study adopted descriptive research design and qualitative approach. Data was collected using a quantitative method of the questionnaire survey and the qualitative technique of oral interviews. Computer programs like the Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS) and Microsoft excel were sought to develop tables and figures respectively, using frequency and percentage statistics. The findings of the study revealed that UNMISS has to a greater extent helped to protect civilians especially in the POC areas, enforced peace keeping missions for dialogue between Waring partis and provision of humanitarian assistance plus monitoring and reporting human rights violations. However, the study showed that supporting political decisions for social economic development is still a challenge given the prevailing conflicts resulting from defiance to the compromised peace agreement. It was also revealed that UNMISS still face challenges such as blocking humanitarian assistance from reaching the beneficiaries, lack of enough human resources in terms of military manpower, narrow mandate to conduct some peace operations and ethnic strife among civilians within POCs. It was recommended that there is need to strengthen political decisions on human rights violation as well as enhancing capacity to advocate for ceasefire among the Waring parties, widening UNMISS mandate on protection of civilians as well as strengthening tangible actions on those arrested for violations of humans rights plus avoiding mistrust and brassiness by regional bodies and the international community.
A Dissertation Submitted To The College Of Higher Degree And Research In Partial Fulfilment Of The Requirements For The Award Of The Degree Of Masters Of International Relations And Security Studies Of Kampala International University Kampala, Uganda
Mission and Peace Process, United Nations