Water, Sanitation Interventions and Socio-Economic Development of Musanze District, Northern Province, Rwanda.

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KIU. College of Economics and Management.
The thesis is entitled “Water and Sanitation interventions, and Socio-economic development of Musanze district in the Northern Province of Rwanda”. The study was carried out based on six specific objectives: determine the profiles of respondents as to age, gender, marital status, type of employment, level of income, and education; examine the extent of water and sanitation interventions in the area; identify the level of socioeconomic development on water supply; examine the significant mean difference between variables; and determine a significant relationship between water and sanitation interventions, and the socioeconomic development. This study was descriptive and correlation using qualitative and quantitative methods. The target population involved Community members, Water and Sanitation Stakeholders and Local Leaders. These respondents were selected purposely using simple random. The minimum sample size was computed using the Sloven’s formula, which ended up with 154 respondents out of 250.The data were presented, analysed, and interpreted using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) and Pearson correlation analysis. In relation to water interventions, results indicated that in general, figures from Musanze district are very low, when compared to national averages, and it appeared from the results of the study that the quantity of water taken by households from water points ih Musanze district is usually insufficient to meet the standard for water consumption expected in rural area i.e. at least 20 litres/person/day. This may impact on the socio economic development of the district population due to a possibility of increase of water borne diseases. Findings also showed the low level of access to improved sanitation due to the level of unimproved latrines used which can produce diseases. Concerning hand washing, most of households in Musanze district have means of hand washing facilities however their usage is still negligent. That is the reason why they are many intestinal worms. Results specified that there was a significant relationship between soçio-economic development, water and sanitation interventions. All variables had significant effect between them. Therefore the data provided enough evidence to reject null hypothesis. With regard to recommendations, there is a need to initiate more projects/programs in water and sanitation in the area to increase the coverage, awareness raising programs through behavior change communication, and sanitation promotion mechanisms in order for households to construct their own individual latrines, and to involve beneficiaries, particularly women and children, in rural water and sanitation programmes in Musanze district.
A Thesis Presented to The College of Higher Degrees and Research Kampala International University Kampala, Uganda In Partial Fulfillment of The Requirements for The Degree Master of Business Administration.