Factors influencing gender disparities in pupils' access and retention in primary schools in Chinato Zone- Kuria District

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Kampala International University, College of Education, Open and Distance Learning
Despite the fact that education is a fundamental human right, as an end to itself or as a means of participating in social- economic and other development activities, the high drop out rates in primary school in Kuria district Chinato zone found in western Kenya is amazing. The researcher wanted to find out if there is any deviation in the girl child's access and retention in schools with the introduction n ofFPE in the year 2003. the purpose of the study is to investigate the causes of gender disparities in pupil's access and retention in primary schools in Chinato Zone Kuria District. The study made use of samples of schools. Using simple random sampling technique by use of lottery method. Out of 13 primary school in the zone the researcher intends to use the sample of 3 schools. From the sampled schools five pupils and one head teacher were selected from each school thus make a total of 15 pupils and three head teachers. The snow ball sampling technique was used to get data from the community members who made a total of four from each location. Data collected using questionnaires for pupils and interviews for head teacher and the community around the school. Observational skills were used to get data on the courses of the gender disparities in pupils' access and retention in schools. The researcher will analyze the data using simple statistics such as tables, figures and charts. The result revealed that major factors influencing gender disparities in pupils access and retention in primary education are early marriages, cultural practices such as Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), unwanted pregnancies, border business, parents illiteracy, family poverty, child labour, Jack of motivation, Jack of parental care, peer pressure and poor performance. To reduce this glaring gender gap, it is recommended that there should be popular mobilization on the importance of education to the girl child.
A Dissertation Submitted to the Faculty of Education in partial fulfillment for the requirements of the Award of a Bachelor degree of Education (Arts) of Kampala International University
Disparities, Gender