Design of a Sanitary Landfill for Kapchorwa Central Division

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Kampala International University, School of engineering and applied science, department of civil enginering
The study was to design a sanitary landfill in Kapchorwa central division to curb the problem of improper solid waste disposal. According to the study that was conducted within the municipality; it was found out that the municipality majorly had four main sources at which the solid wastes are generated; Residential wastes, Commercial wastes and Institutional wastes Qualitative data was collected to know the characteristics of solid wastes whereas quantitative data was used to measure the waste generation rates, population size, recoverable wastes and all other phenomena that can be quantified. The sample size of the population was taken as the number of people living in Kapchorwa central division and the rate of population growth was taken equal to that of the whole district as per the 2018 population census according to the Uganda national bureau of statistics (UNBS). The study was able to come up with suitable waste management options that would help with the problem of waste management in the area. Among others, the major ones include the following; reducing the rate of waste production, or reduce the amount generated, reduction in the negative impacts of the waste that is generated by proper waste disposal, recovery of wastes in different forms i.e. the materials recovered from the waste stream for recycling into new products, recovering materials for reuse, recovering energy by incineration, anaerobic digestion, or similar processes, reducing the volume of waste prior to disposal and disposal of residual solid waste in an environmentally sound manner, specifically in landfills. For the recovery practice to be practicable, the government should provide market for the materials recovered from the solid wastes in order to inspire the local people to recover materials like plastics, metals, ceramics, and glass. This can be reused directly the way they are, or recycled into other valuable products
Final Year Project Report Submitted to Kampala International University as a Partial Fulfillment for the Award of a Bachelors Degree of Science in Civil Engineering
A Sanitary Landfill