Contingency management, rational emotive therapy and drug abuse treatment among teacher trainees of Kano State, Nigeria

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Kampala International University, Doctor of Philosophy in Counseling Psychology
This study investigates the prevalence of drug abuse, and the efficacy of contingency management, and rational emotive therapy, in the treatment of drug abuse, among students of teacher training institutions in Kano State, Nigeria. The study approach was Quasi experimenta4 and sequential mixed method (the data collected separately and integrated at the analysis). The designs are descriptive, pretest-posttest, posttest only. The target population was all students studying teacher training courses at Bayero University (BUK) and Sa’adatu Rimi College of Education, Kumbotso (SRCOE). And the sampled population was 24515 students from Bayero University Kano (5000) and Sa’adatu Rimi College of Education, Kumbotso (19515). The sample size was 394 obtain using Slovene’s formula. The sampling techniques were purposive (only teacher trainees are involved), cluster (homogeneous groups were used) and proportional sampling (the clusters are of different size). Questionnaires, interview and observation were use in the collection of data. Mean, Percentage and response from the interview were used to determine the prevalence of drug abuse. Paired sample t-test, interview response and observation rating scale were used to examine the efficacy of Contingency Management (CM) and Rational Emotive Therapy (RET). And posttest mean, interview response and observation rating scale were used to compare the effectiveness of the two therapies. The descriptive finding indicates high prevalence of drug abuse among students in the study area, (29.6%). Paired sample test shows that, both therapies are effective, (CM-sig (2tailed=.019), RET-sig (2tailed=. 025), and the responses of the interview complimented. The finding of posttest reveals that Contingency Management treatment exerted more effect, (Mean3. 7694) as compared with Rational Emotive Therapy treatment (Mean=3. 1467) on drug abuse treatment. However, the finding from the observation revealed no difference on the effectiveness of the two therapies (CMI. 70 and REThI. 71). Also, the responses of the interview were both high. The study concluded that, prevalence of drug abuse is high in the study area, and both Contingency Management and Rational Emotive Therapy are effective in the treatment. Based on the findings, the study made the following recommendations; there is a need to introduce student enlightens programs on drug abuse, and parent should be considerate in dealing with their children among others. Key words: Drug abuse, contingency management, rational emotive therapy, abstinence.
A dissertation presented to the College of Higher Degree and Research for the Fulfillment of the Award of PhD in Counseling Psychology, Kampala International University, Uganda.
Contingency Management, Emotive Therapy, Drug Abuse Treatment, Teacher Trainees, Kano State, Nigeria