United Nations Mission and Peace-Building in Mogadishu, Somalia

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Kampala International University
This study sought to examine the impact of the United Nations Mission on peace-building in Mogadishu, Somalia. The objectives of the study are to: establish the relationship between restoration and extension of state Authority and peace-building in Mogadishu, Somalia; assess the relationship between protection of civilians and peace-building in Mogadishu, Somalia; and assess the relationship between protection of natural resources and peace-building in Mogadishu, Somalia. A descriptive Correlational research design was used to determine whether and to what extent the relationship between two or more variables exists. The mixed-method approach (triangulation) i.e. qualitative and quantitative methods to data collection were used to supplement each other. Qualitative methods provided in-depth explanation while quantitative methods provided the data needed to test hypotheses. The study population involved 160 participants and these included; 20 UNISOM top administrators, 140 UN Peace keepers who were available. The sample size of the study consisted of 114 respondents of the target population. Study findings indicated that there are different ways in how the restoration and extension of state Authority affects peace-building in Mogadishu, Somalia, and this was together rated by the respondents as satisfactory with (Overall mean= 4.21 & SD= 0.46), implying that majority of the respondents affirmed that the restoration and extension of state Authority influenced peace-building in Mogadishu, Somalia. The study concluded that the besides restoring peace and security, the UN peacekeepers also have the mandate to help in facilitating the exercise of authority of governments in conflict environments. Furthermore, when armed groups’ access to conflict resources is curtailed, they sometimes turn on the local populations, either to obtain funding through extortion. Hence, the deployment of UN troops in resource rich areas has been viewed as a necessity. Today's multidimensional peacekeeping operations are called upon not only to maintain peace and security, but also to facilitate political processes, protect civilians, assist in the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of former combatants; support constitutional processes and the organization of elections, protect and promote human rights and assist in restoring the rule of law and extending legitimate state authority. The study recommends that the UN should develop a permanent structure and the capacity for mission management and support along the lines of its department of Peacekeeping Operations. This will enable the UN to plan new missions properly and provide the necessary technical leadership and support for missions already established.
A Research Dissertation Submitted To the College Of Humanities and Social Sciences in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements For Award Of Master’s Degree In International Relations and Diplomacy Of Kampala International University
United Nations Mission, Peace-Building, Mogadishu, Somalia