Central-Local Governmental Relations and Securing Land Rights in Selected Districts of Western Uganda

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Kampala International University, College of Humanities and Social Sciences
v Abstract This study sought to examine central-local governmental relations and securing land rights in selected Districts of Western Uganda since the Uganda National Land Policy (UNLP) 2013. The objectives were: to analyze political relations, to assess administrative relations and to examine financial relations between central and local governments in the delivery of secure land rights; and to establish the relationship between customary practices and delivery of secure land rights. The research upheld the systems theory supported by the bottom-up approach for central-local governmental relations in securing land rights. Political, administrative and financial gaps were identified in the literature reviewed. A mixed methods design was used since both descriptive qualitative techniques and regression quantitative techniques were employed. Data was collected from 436 participants and respondents. It was analysed using SPSS 23 for quantitative analysis and thematic and narrative analysis for qualitative analysis. The study found out that central-local governmental relations are dissatisfactory and are in need of addressing, so they can lead to good secure land rights. The study also found out that customary practices are moderating in securing land rights and should be further addressed for better secure land rights. The study concluded that central local political relations and central local financial relations are statistically significant in predicting secure land rights. The study recommended that: there is need for harmonizing existing laws and regulations with the UNLP 2013; to further decentralize land rights administration and delivery of secure land rights by engaging and integrating customary land practices as required by the UNLP 2013 to allow for further local participation; there is need to divorce politics from administration; there is need for stakeholder mapping to determine where all land stakeholders are and what they are doing, this will help in coordinating efforts and to ensure everything the UNLP 2013 requires is being done at the right time in the right fashion; capacity building must be carried out in all land institutions at central and local government level; the government should fast-forward the creation of an autonomous agency in charge of land and enable it operate using a private sector model that will generate and reinvest funds to provide for the untimely funds, lack of funds and to ease auditing and accountability of the land sector; lastly customary practices should be studied and all compatible practices with the UNLP 2013 integrated into securing land rights.
A Dissertation Submitted to the Directorate of Postgraduate Studies and Research in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the award of a Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Public Management of Kampala International University
Central-Local Governmental Relations, Securing Land, Rights, Uganda