Master Of Arts

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    Factors influencing student’s performance in science subjects at secondary school level in Kiharu Division Murang’a District. Kenya.
    (Kampala International University, School of Education, 2008-08) Kagocfh Julius, Muiruri
    Science education has a critical role in promoting scientific and technological development. However, students’ performance in these subjects remains quite dismal in many schools. Factors leading to this dismal performance have not been adequately investigated and well understood. The purpose of this study was to determine factors influencing students’ performance in science subjects at Secondary School level in selected secondary schools in Kiharu Division, Murang’a District Kenya. The study explored four specific factors influencing performance in sciences namely, ratio of teachers to students, population of a class, social economic status of family and availability of learning/teaching materials. The study sampled schools using purposive sampling status and type of school. From the sampled schools, two thirds of the candidates were selected and all science teachers for the study, the principals of all the sampled schools where also included in the study. The Q.A.O, Murang’a district was similarly involved in the study. Data was collected using questionnaires for students, science teachers and principals. The researcher unreviewed the Q.A.O, Murang’a District, Descriptive statistics was the main technique used to analyze data. The major findings were that; shortage of teachers, large classes, poverty and lack of adequate learning/teaching materials contributed to poor performance in sciences. Based on these findings, it was recommended that, the government of Kenya recruits enough science teachers; principals follow Ministry of Education guidelines when admitting students, government to initiate poverty eradication programmes and the schools’ BOG. solicit for funds to equip schools with all necessary learning/teaching materials,
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    Management of State Resources and Public Order in Selected Public Institutions, Kampala, Uganda.
    (Kampala International University, masters of Arts, 2012-10) Asiimwe Asaph, Temple
    The purpose of this study was to establish the relationship between ~‘1anagement of State Resources and Public Order in selected public Institutions in Uganda using data from 2006 to 2012. The study intended to specifically determine 3nd establish if there is any significant relationship between Management of State ~resources and Public Order in selected public Institutions in Kampala Uganda. The study was carried out using both qualitative and quantitative approach and )descriptive survey design specifically descriptive correlational strategies. The relationship between Management of State Resources and Public Order in selected )public Institutions was captured at bi variate level using correlation and regression analysis tools. The study revealed a positive correlation and regression relationship )between Management of State Resources and Public Order in selected public institutions. The researcher recommends that the government should advance her :commitment in provision and rehabilitation of public commodities like police, ~education service to the public. This can be done by developing managers of state resources through thorough training of staff; improve upon her monitoring strategies :towards provision of enhanced services. The state should involve Public/citizens towards extending public commodities. The ruling government may create conducive environment for opposition so that the friction from opposition can push it forward, government should systematically endeavor to severely punish whoever poorly manages state resources; Equity and transparency in provision and distribution of ;state resources should be improved upon by state. The study findings disagree with lash point model developed by Wadding ton and colleagues in the late 1980s, that here is inequalities of power, resources and access to life opportunities between ‘various groups in particular society which can lead the way for public disorder
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    The impact of climate change on population migration in Mai Adu’a local government area Katsina State, Nigeria
    (Kampala International University. College of Education, Open & Distance Learning, 2015-05) Salisu, Lawal Halliru
    Impact of Climate Change on population migration is an important aspect that requires more attention. The objectives of this study were to: establish the causes of climate change; its effect on human migration and the ultimate adaptation strategies; to determine the relationship between climate change and human population migration in Mai Adu’a local government area, Katsina state Nigeria. Mixed method of research (Qualitative and quantitative) was adopted in this study. The instruments used; includes interviews guide, a questionnaire survey, observations and photography. The analysis was based on a sample of 384 respondents. The qualitative data was analyzed by means of cording using matrix form, descriptions, and visual presentations, quantitative data was analyzed through the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) 16.0 for windows and complimented by Microsoft Excel to generate frequencies, percentages, means, standard deviation and Spearman correlation coefficient .The findings revealed that the level of climate change was rated high with an average mean value of 2.8536 in Mai Adu’ a local government area. This means that there is evidence of climate change in the study area and the causes of climate change were anthropogenic that is manmade activities were the major cause of climate change in the study area. Millet was the major crop grown in the area because millets requires little amount of rainfall to grow. Impact of climate change, was rated Very high this suggesting that the impacts is high in the study area between 1981 to 1990, 1991 to 2000 and 211 to 2014. The findings indicated that climate change is positively correlated to human population migration. In Conclusion the study revealed that anthropogenic factor (human activities) such as bush burning and deforestation were the major cause of climate change as perceived by the respondents. The study recommended that further research is required to expand on the finding presented in this thesis. In conducting further research using land sat thematic mapper (TM) and enhances thematic mapper (ETM) imageries to look at spatio- temporal land use and land cover types as a result of human and natural influence. It is further recommended that both state and national to support adaption measure by equipping local level institution to combat the negative effect of climate change in Mai Adu’ a, through investment into sustainable development and value variability reduction. In order to address issues on climate change, educating people and enlightment programme on climate change can be done through media such as Radio and television programme so that to minimize the human activities that causes the climate change.
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    Information communication technology (ICT) and the teaching — learning process a selection of six secondary schools in Mbale District, Uganda
    (Kampala International University. College of Education,, 2011-09) Sentalo, Alex
    Information Communication Technology (ICT) and the Teaching — Learning process, the topic of study, are bed partners requiring an extensive study, premised on three contexts: ICT as a pedagogical foundation, ICZT as a learning environment and ICT as a paradigm shift. The drive towards greater use of technology in education is aimed at modernizing schools and equipping the learners of today with skills that will make them able to use such technology in the workplace once they leave school. Any change in the teaching pedagogy should be supplemented by process management and connected to a realistic vision. This means schools should experiment within given boundaries. The population that was used for study was that of senior two students and this provided the relative sample sizes. An hypothesis “there is no difference between ICT — Integrated methodology and the traditional handicraft approach” resulted in the use of the t-test. Comparisons of different groups’ yielded different results at given levels of significance. While other interventions have been known to have a higher effect size ( Feedback 1.13, prior ability 1.04, instructional quality 1.00, direct instruction 0.82) than class environment (at 0.56) of which ICT is part, by and large ICT — integrated teaching and learning provides benefits that arise from its embodiment and inclusion of most of the high performances. There is a need to go beyond pure observations and evaluate more concretely school contexts, learning situations and teaching processes to show under which circumstances ICT based activities can enhance learning and improve skills. This requires some degree of qualitative interpretation, in order to evaluate the causes of impact which have been observed. While it is not possible, strictly speaking, to develop a framework for judging the impact on learning environments it may be possible to describe the ways in which ICT could be contributing to the development of constructivist learning environments.
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    Socio-economic reintegration of ex-combatants and peace building in Kamanyola Town, South Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo
    (Kampala International University. College of Education, Open and Distance Learning, 2013-11) Tahir, Abdalla Mohamed Ibrahim
    This study delved into the relationship between reintegration of ex-combatants and peace building process where the following aspects were investigated: (1) socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents; (2) social reintegration of ex-combatants and peace building, implementation of reintegration process of ex-combatants and others as well. This study is contextually new which intend to fill in the gap where there was no similar been done in the specific area of reintegration of ex-combatants and in its contribution to the peace-building in Kamonyola town of South Kivu. A descriptive survey design was used to analyze the reintegration of ex-combatants, the descriptive analysis enabled of respondents regarding the impact of soc-economic reintegration in the peace-building process in Kamonyola town. The study used purposive sampling to select the total population of 400 based on the data obtained from the local council of Kamoyola town. Two hundred ex-combatants were selected randomly in order to give chance for all ex-combatants of being selected. Questionnaires on reintegration and peace building process were prepared and distributed. The collected data were processed and analyzed using frequency tables and percentage distribution, t-test and Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient were utilized to statistically analyze the data collected. Also the study used transformation theory and conceptual framework. The study revealed that majority of the ex-combatants were involved in social integration activities (mean=2.89). The study revealed a low level of socio-economic integration among ex-combatants (mean=2.48). The study revealed a low level of socio-economic integration among ex-combatants (mean=2.92).There was a strong and positive correlation between social economic integration and peace building (r=.898**, Sig=.006). The researcher concluded that the feeling of the ex-combatant on the transition from combat to civilian life has not been easy for any of them. The researcher recommended that the community should work hand in hand to support the DDR programmes whose sole purpose is to reintegrate ex-combatants economically in their community. This will help them feel comfortable with the transition from combat to civilian life. Also Recommendations were made for all DDR actors for creating conducive environment for the peace-building toward completing the reintegration of the ex-combatants and expand access to education job opportunities to reduce the risks of young generation being mobilized by armed groups. Finally, if the reintegration provision is carried as required the result will definitely be in favor of peace and stability.