Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12306/5423
Title: The effects of children enrolment in armed forces/groups on sustainable development in d r Congo. A case study of Bukavu/ South Kivu (2003 2008)
Authors: Bingwa Muderhwa, Roger
Keywords: Children
Enrolment in armed forces
Sustainable development
Issue Date: Sep-2010
Publisher: Kampala International University, College of Humanities and Social Sciences
Abstract: This research was based on “The Effects of children enrolment in Armed forces/groups on Sustainable development in D R Congo, Case Study of Bukavu District”. The study was guided by three objectives namely: to determine the impact of armed conflicts on children, to assess the effects of child soldiers on sustainable development of Bukavu, and lastly to investigate ways of stopping recruitment of child soldiers and measures to mitigate its impact on sustainable development. A purposive or judgmental sampling method was used to select the sample size. However documentary review, observation and discussions were also used to supplement and validate the data collected through the self-administered questionnaire. The major findings include identification of the impact of armed forces/groups on children and that in different forms such as; difficulties met during the military service and after military service as consequences of it, and lastly the challenges met by different bodies when trying to reintegrate them through DDR process. It has been found that Bukavu district will face at a certain time a high level of illiteracy which will result in lack of qualified manpower in all sectors of development thus poor production since most child soldiers and ex-child soldiers are not willing to rejoin their normal process of education. Which will lead them to be thieves and bandits in the community and creates a huge impact on human resources and community development as a result of the use of child soldiers,Insecurity and harassment on local population, lack of investment, criminalities andslaughters cases as well on local population and youth manipulation in Bukavu were evaluated at very high level due to a big number of children used as child soldiers. Hence fighting impunity, making public awareness on the problem of child soldiers utilization and its impact on the society, and conducting permanent lobbying action towards government in order to take good measures and strict rules to punish whoever uses child soldiers, putting an end to conflict, lightening the condition of studying, alleviating poverty and promoting the conditions of living in Congo, were discovered as best ways among others to halt the use of child soldiers in armed forces. Additionally, to mitigate the consequences of child soldiers for the sustainability of development the following ways were found of great value: Effective and sustainable actions of child soldiers’ DDR must be taken. The government should raise public awareness on DDR of child soldiers, and make it a must to take appropriate and sustainable actions such as good counseling of social rehabilitated former child soldiers. Involvement of NGOs, churches, and civil societies working hand in hand to execute effectively and efficiently the National Program Disarmament, Demobilization and Rehabilitation (NPDDR) of child soldiers and fighting the proliferation of small armed groups have to be encouraged. Monitoring on reintegrated former child soldiers being done for at least two years to assure their integration and rehabilitation is complete, as well as creating vocational schools. The researcher recommends that the government should fight impunity, end conflict and poverty. It should provide good education, reinforce laws on children protection and promotion, and revise the process of DDR especially on its implementation and time allocated. Civil Societies, NGOs and other institutions should ensure good counseling of former child soldiers; conduct permanent lobbying actions and encourage peace and security initiatives. The government together with all the community should be characterized with a team work spirit in order to fight practically the use of child soldiers. Former child soldiers must be welcomed and considered by their families and communities.
Description: A Thesis Presented to the School of Postgraduate Studies and Research Kampala International University Kampala, Uganda in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Art in Development Administration and Management
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12306/5423
Appears in Collections:Master of Development Administration and Management

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