Master of Development Administration and Management

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Now showing 1 - 5 of 30
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    The role of government education policy on the social development process of Kitui District- Kenya
    (Kampala International University, College of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2007-10) Crispus, iLleLi; Kinuva
    In spite of national aim to achieve education for all, basic education remain an elusive dream for many Kenyans, particularly girls in arid and semi arid lands(ASAL).The research study was carried out in Kitui district. It was aimed at finding out the role of government education policy on the social development process of Kitui district. The policy includes UPE, USE, OVC and Street Children education programme and HELB which are geared towards fulfillment of the MDGS. These programmes are aimed at creating gender parity and women emancipation in the country and improving living standards among the people. The study analyzed the contributions made by the government education policy in the development process in Kitui district, Kenya. It . examined the level of involvement and contribution of the local population in the implementation of the government education policies. It also explored on the challenges faced out by the government in the implementation of government education policy. Finally it investigated the strategies put in place by government to overcome the challenges hindering the implementation of education policy. The study examined a sample population of 100 respondents, which include community and opinion leaders, teachers, graduates, DEO, and AEO. The Kitui district is divided into ten (10) divisions. Out of the ten (10) divisions, the study considered only four divisions. For these four (4) divisions was selected using purposive sampling technique and the other two (2) divisions were selected using systematic random sampling. The study investigated how these five clusters of respondents theorized government education policy, their perceptions on the value of UPE, USE, Education for OVC and HELB government education policy programmes. Several pieces of related literature on the roles of government education policy on the development process were read and written in Chapter two. Questionnaire, Focus group discussions and semi -structured interviews schedules and observation constituted the main methods used to get the primary data. Documentary data analysis constituted the main method for secondary data collection. The data was then analyzed for each group Xll according to the themes in the research questions and objectives. The researcher noted that corruption, cultural beliefs, lack of local population participation and mismanagement and disbursement of government funds were the main challenges that were found out by the research findings. The research also found that the following strategies are put in place; youth Polytechnics and Technical Institutions, Capacity Building Programmes, Gender Mainstreaming, Jua Kali Training and Rising the Number of Educational Institution . Finally, recommendations were made regarding the study and these include, provision of adequate instructional materials to schools, government should reduce teacher-pupil ratio to a manageable size such that participatory learning is promoted, government to continue expanding the current physical facilities in primary, secondary schools and tertiary education institutions in an effort to accommodate the large enrollments. GOK should increase capitation grant given to schools by government through UPE, and USE programmes. HELB kitty should also be increased to cater for all the needs of university students.
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    Disaster management and prevalence of diseases in central Uganda
    (Kampala International University,College of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2012-09) Namutebi, Pricilla Mulungi
    This study sought to examine disaster management and prevalence of diseases in Central Uganda with special focus on AIC, Mulago and IHK. The specific objectives were to determine the: profile of the members of disaster team; level of achievement of disaster teams in incidences of diseases; level of prevalence of disaster diseases; challenges faced by disaster team in prevalence of diseases and the relationship between the levels of achievement in disaster management and prevalence rate of diseases. The study employed a descriptive survey design employing both qualitative and quantitative data by use of questionnaires, and interview guide as study instruments administered on a sample size of 166 with a response rate of 74.4%. The findings revealed that management teams are achieving success in managing malaria, offering VCT services; screening and treating opportunistic infections and diseases; research and documentation. Diseases have also remained prevalent due to poor sanitation and hygiene, low application of mosquito nets, cases of untreated stigma related diseases, and others. This however cannot be underestimated or restricted to these conditions but disaster teams experience difficulties of low skill capacities with a few technical staff, decentralization of medical units, among others. The study concluded that; Management controls have a significant effect on level of achievement, effective controls may be available but teams may have limited skills. The study recommends need to; improve funding; mobilization of community funding; ongoing prevention, vaccination and disease control campaigns; improved advocacy for the uneducated to seek professional medical assistance; focus on fighting stigma; promote skills; introduce penalties for corruption cases and more public health centers be constructed.
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    Decentralization and poverty reduction Butare province; Rwanda.
    (Kampala International University, College of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2006-10) Atwine, Bernard; Diisi, Madam
    The present study was about decentralization and poverty reduction in Rwanda\ ~‘he study was carried out in Butare province taking Butare town and Save district as the case study. The conducted study is in line with the formulated hypothesis that : Will decentralised Administration with Devolution of Power from Central Levels to the Lower Units of Administration lead to Poverty Reduction in Rwanda? This study was guided by the following objectives; to examine factors that lead to poverty in Rwanda, to establish the institutions of decentralized planning that are intended for poverty reduction, to determine the linkage between decentralization and poverty reduction and to find out best practices of decentralized planning that can lead to poverty reduction in Rwanda To conduct a study of this nature, district, sector and cell officials as well as the local people at grassroots levels were selected as the sample population. A total of 82 respondents were selected to answer the research questions. The researcher employed the “comparative” approach to conduct this research study. The study is based on both primary and secondly data. The primary data obtained was grouped into qualitative and quantitative sections for a thorough analysis. The study used multi-stage sampling technique in the identification of categories in the sample unit whereas the purposive sampling technique was employed in the identification of individual respondents. Data was collected by use of documentary analysis, observation, interview and questionnaire techniques. The study used simple statistical tools for data processing. The findings obtained show that decentralized administration of planning is being implemented in both Butare Town and Save District. The findings also revealed that there existed clear coordination between decentralized planning and poverty reduction strategies. The study therefore established that decentralization can be a better approach to poverty reduction. However, the study suggests that more efforts are needed to gear up the process of decentralization for poverty reduction. Recommendations such as; rural development and agricultural transformation through agricultural extension programs by the ministry of agriculture, local officials should be trained in participatory planning tools, local people should be sensitized on how to become active participants and improve on administrative infrastructure are therefore suggested in chapter five for this program to become a success in the of poverty reduction.
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    A critical anal sis of socio-economic status of teenage mothers in Nyendo-Ssenyange Division; Saka District
    (Kampala International University, College of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2006-11) Bakyaita, Grace
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    Investigating the importance of counseling services to the communities of makindye division, Kampala district
    (Kampala International University,College of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2008-09) Namajja, Khawa
    Thus the study was focused on investigating the importance of counseling in the development of communities in Makindye Division Kampala district. The research questions were designed to direct the research in the course of the data collection. The study was built on the theory of Carl Rogers who proposed that counseling services would empower an individual in the psychological growth and maturity and hence make responsible decisions. The study adopted basically descriptive research design. Two research instruments were designed to collect primary and secondary data on objectives of the study. Oral interviews and Questionnaires were also employed. . In section two, the study reflected on relevant literature on counseling and how it changed people's perception of the real world. The study found out that although counseling pronounced today by many development agents, few people are aware of its existence and of course its role on the development process in Uganda and in Kampala International university in particular. The independent variable was counseling in which the development agents must depend on for its helpful ideology in Uganda. The ideology of counseling was that those who counseled make healthy decisions in the possible development programmes. The study recommended that the government, development agencies, and the communities should embrace counseling in their programmes so as to create awareness on the existing human problems and how cope with these problems to achieve development goals. In conclusion, counseling as a practice 1s focused on building responsible citizen, development agents. Social workers. Psychologists, health educators to help people solve their problems and thus sustainable development. As people become increasingly enmeshed in the Life style, accruing from the scientific age, the psychological consequences and behavior become more complex. The need for ht e counseling services in all sectors of development would promise people for realizing their dreams and aspirations m life which may be important when incorporated on the development agenda.